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GUIDE TO GREAT BOOKS EDUCATION
Last updated: 12 April 2010

Great Books: Definition and Background
Great Books in my own Education and in Polyliteracy
     The Standard Canon of Great Books
Principles for Expanding the Canon
     The Expanded Comprehensive Canon for Western Civilization
     The Twentieth Century Waiting List
     The Canon for Central (Middle Eastern) Civilization
     The Canon for Indic Civilization
     The Canon for (Far) Eastern Civilization


Great Books: Definition and Background
Lest any may have come to this page unacquainted with the term "great books," it is simply a contemporary equivalent for "the classics," i.e., a cover term for the best works of all time, especially as is applied to the notion of a complete, holistic, humanistic, liberal, well-rounded education, in which they are to be read and discussed in seminar format.

In most times and places, education has consisted precisely of developing an intimate relationship with the classic works of that civilization. However, in the 19th century, Western education began to grow away from this and towards narrow specialization and a concept of education as job training rather than general mental and character formation. Reacting to this, by the early decades of the 20th century, such academics, thinkers, and educators as John Erskine, Mortimer Adler, Robert Hutchins, Charles Van Doren, and Stringfellow Barr began to formulate the notion of great books education in the liberal arts tradition of broad cross-disciplinary learning. In the mid-20th century, this concept of education spread successfully to form a core curriculum in many colleges, and to justify the publication of a series of Great Books of the Western World, originally by Encyclopedia Britannica. That series is now maintained by the still extant and active Great Books Foundation, and great books education stills forms the heart of the core curriculum at Columbia College as well as the entire course of study at the St. John's University that has twin campuses in Annapolis, Maryland and Santa Fe, New Mexico; moreover, a handful of other colleges maintain great books programs, generally as honors programs. Unfortunately, however, it must be confessed that the notion of great books education is a most noble lost cause, for education in general is more narrowly specialized than ever, and many universities that once had great books programs have either abandoned them outright or else diluted them beyond recognition by concessions to political correctness and area studies.

Great Books in my own Education and in Polyliteracy
I am thoroughly steeped in the great books tradition, having been "formed" at Columbia University and the University of Chicago, those same two universities at which the notion itself was initially conceived. Moreover, my last real assignment as a full-time academic was to build and lead such a great books program in Lebanon. Thus, the great books play a central role in my discipline of Polyglottery. Indeed, not only a logical extension of Polyglottery but even a simple formulation of the entire concept of the purpose of learning as many languages as possible is the endeavor to read as many classic works as possible in their original tongues of composition. In fact, I believe that one reason Great Books education is a generally lost cause is that this logical connection has not been made before: if works are worth reading and rereading, then surely they are worth reading as they were written. It is generally considered to be very difficult if not actually impossible to learn many languages well. It is indeed demanding, but I always had the feeling that the education I myself received was never demanding enough. Thus, I propose Polyglottery as a course of education that will indeed be more demanding than the most demanding programs currently in existence, and with the specific goal of encouraging the reading of great books, not in translation, but in the original.

The Standard Canon of Great Books
The great books of the Western world as they form the curricula at colleges around the United States, and as they are comprised in the encyclopedic publication of the same title, in effect form a canon of some 100 primary works or authors. As they are not quite the same at all institutions, I have combined the reading lists of a good number of programs (Columbia, Malaspina, St. John's, the Great Books Foundation, etc.) to find a general canon of closer to 150 works, 154 to be exact. Given my overweening interest in languages in a diachronic perspective, I thought to add not only a means to view the list chronologically (that has been done before), but also by original language, which has not been done before. Here follows:

The Combined Standard Canon of Great Books of the Western World
Language
Century
Author & Work(s)
Danish
19
Kierkegaard, Søren Aabye (1813-1855):  Either/Or, Fear and Trembling, Philosophical Fragments
English
14
Chaucer, Geoffrey (c.1340-1400):  Troilus and Criseyde, The Canterbury Tales
English
16
Spenser, Edmund (c.1552-1599):  Prothalamion, The Faerie Queene
English
17
Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679):  Leviathan
English
17
Locke, John (1632-1704):  Letter Concerning Toleration, Of Civil Government, Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Thoughts Concerning Education
English
17
Milton, John (1608-1674):  Paradise Lost
English
17
Shakespeare, William (1564-1616):  Richard II, Henry IV, Henry V, Anthony and Cleopatra, The Tempest, As You Like It, Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, King Lear, Sonnets
English
18
Berkeley, George (1685-1753):  Principles of Human Knowledge
English
18
Boswell, James (1740-1795):  Journal, Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D.
English
18
Congreve, William (1670-1729):  The Way of the World
English
18
Defoe, Daniel (1660-1731):  Robinson Crusoe
English
18
Fielding, Henry (1707-1754):  Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones
English
18
Gibbon, Edward (1737-1794):  The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Autobiography
English
18
Hume, David (1711-1776):  Treatise on Human Nature, Essays Moral and Political, An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding
English
18
Johnson, Samuel (1709-1784):  The Vanity of Human Wishes, Dictionary, Rasselas, The Lives of the Poets
English
18
Pope, Alexander (1688-1744):  Essay on Criticism, Rape of the Lock, Essay on Man
English
18
Smith, Adam (1723-1790):  The Theory of Moral Sentiments, Wealth of Nations
English
18
Sterne, Laurence (1713-1768):  Tristram Shandy, A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy
English
18
Swift, Jonathan (1667-1745):  Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal
English
19
Austen, Jane (1775-1817):  Pride and Prejudice
English
19
Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832):  Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Theory of Fictions
English
19
Burke, Edmund (1729-1797):  Reflections on the Revolution in France
English
19
Byron, George Gordon, Lord (1788-1824):  Don Juan
English
19
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772-1834): Poems, Biographia Literaria
English
19
Darwin, Charles (1809-1882):  The Origin of Species, The Descent of Man, Autobiography
English
19
Dickens, Charles (1812-1870):  Oliver Twist, David Copperfield, Bleak House, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations
English
19
Eliot, George (1819-1880):  Adam Bede, Middlemarch
English
19
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803-1882):  Representative Men, Essays, Journal
English
19
Faraday, Michael (1791-1867):  Chemical History of a Candle, Experimental Researches in Electricity
English
19
Hamilton, Jay, Madison:  The Federalist Papers
English
19
Hawthorne, Nathaniel (1804-1864):  The Scarlet Letter
English
19
Lyell, Charles (1797-1875):  Principles of Geology
English
19
Melville, Herman (1819-1891):  Moby Dick, Billy Budd
English
19
Mill, John Stuart (1806-1873):  A System of Logic, On Liberty, Representative Government, Utilitarianism, The Subjection of Women, Autobiography
English
19
Thoreau, Henry David (1817-1862):  Civil Disobedience, Walden
English
19
Wordsworth, William (1770-1850):  Poems
English
20
Adams, Henry (Brooks) (1838-1918):  The Education of Henry Adams
English
20
Dewey, John (1859-1952):  How We Think, Democracy and Education, Experience and Nature, Logic, the Theory of Inquiry, Habits and Will, The Virtues
English
20
Du Bois, W.E.B. (1868-1963):  The Souls of Black Folk
English
20
James, Henry (1843-1916):  The American, The Ambassadors, The Beast in the Jungle
English
20
James, William (1842-1910):  The Principles of Psychology, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Pragamatism, Essays in Radical Empiricism
English
20
Joyce, James (1882-1941): ``The Dead'' in Dubliners, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses
English
20
Millikan, Robert Andrews (1868-1953):  The Electron
English
20
Russell, Bertrand (1872-1970):  The Problems of Philosophy, The Analsysis of Mind, An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth, Human Knowledge; Its Scope and Limits
English
20
Santayana, George (1863-1952):  The Life of Reason, Skepticism and Animal Faith, Persons and Places
English
20
Shaw, George Bernard (1856-1950):  Plays and Prefaces
English
20
Toynbee, Arnold (1889-1975):  A Study of History, Civilization on Trial
English
20
Twain, Mark (1835-1910):  The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Mysterious Stranger
English
20
Whitehead, Alfred North (1861-1947):  An Introduction to Mathematics, Science and the Modern World, The Aims of Education and Other Essays, Adventures of Ideas
French
12
Anonymous:  Song of Roland
French
16
Montaigne, Michel de (1533-1592):  Essays
French
16
Rabelais, François  (c.1495-1553):  Gargantua and Pantagruel
French
17
Descartes, Rene (1596-1650):  Rules for the Direction of the Mind, Discourse on the Method, Geometry, Meditations on First Philosophy
French
17
de La Fontaine, Jean (1621-1695):  Fables
French
17
de La Rochefoucauld, François, Duc (1613-1690):  Maximes
French
17
Moliere (1622-1673):  The Misanthrope, The Miser, Tartuffe, The Imaginary Invalid
French
17
Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662):  The Provincial Letters, Pensees, Scientific Treatises, Meditations
French
17
Racine, Jean Baptiste (1639-1699):  Andromaque, Iphigenie, Phedre
French
18
Diderot, Denis (1713-1784):  Rameau’s Nephew
French
18
Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent (1743-1794):  Elements of Chemistry
French
18
Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, Baron de (1689-1755):  Persian Letters, Spirit of Laws
French
18
Rousseau, Jean Jacques (1712-1778):  On the Origin of Inequality, On the Political Economy, Emile, The Social Contract
French
18
Voltaire (1694-1778):  Letters on the English, Candide, Philosophical Dictionary
French
19
Balzac, Honore de (1799-1850):  Pere Goriot, Eugenie Grandet
French
19
Bernard, Claude (1813-1878):  Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine
French
19
Comte, Auguste (1798-1857):  The Positive Philosophy
French
19
Flaubert, Gustave (1821-1880):  Madame Bovary, Three Stories, A Simple Heart
French
19
Fourier, Jean Baptiste Joseph (1768-1830):  Analytical Theory of Heat
French
19
Stendhal (1783-1842):  The Red and the Black, The Charterhouse of Parma, On Love
French
19
Tocqueville, Alexis de (1805-1859):  Democracy in America
French
20
Bergson, Henri (1859-1941):  Time and Free Will, Matter and Memory, Creative Evolution, The Two Sources of Morality and Religion
French
20
Maritain, Jacques (1882-1973):  Art and Scholasticism, The Degrees of Knowledge, The Rights of Man and Natural Law, True Humanism
French
20
Poincare, Jules Henri (1854-1912):  Science and Hypothesis, Science and Method
French
20
Proust, Marcel (1871-1922):  Remembrance of Things Past
French
20
Sartre, Jean Paul (1905-1980):  Nausea, No Exit, Being and Nothingness
German
13
Anonymous:  Nibelungenlied (or Volsunga Saga as Scandinavian version)
German
16
Luther, Martin (1483-1546):  Table Talk, Three Treatises
German
18
Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804):  Critique of Pure Reason, Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals, Critique of Practical Reason, The Science of Right, Critique of Judgment, Perpetual Peace
German
19
Clausewitz, Karl von (1780-1831):  On War
German
19
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832):  Faust, Poetry and Truth
German
19
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770-1831):  Phenomenology of Spirit, Philosophy of Right, Lectures on the Philosophy of History
German
19
Marx, Karl (1818-1883):  Capital, Communist Manifesto
German
19
Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm (1844-1900):  Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Beyond Good and Evil, Geneology of Morals, The Will to Power, Birth of Tragedy
German
19
Schopenhauer, Arthur (1788-1860):  Parerga and Paralipomena, The World as Will and Representation
German
20
Dedekind, Richard (1831-1916): Essay on the Theory of Numbers
German
20
Einstein, Albert (1879-1955):  The Meaning of Relativity, On the Method of Theoretical Physics, The Evolution of Physics (with L. Infeld)
German
20
Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939):  The Interpretation of Dreams, Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Civilization and Its Discontents, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis,
German
20
Heidegger, Martin (1889-19760:  What is Philosophy?
German
20
Heisenberg, Werner (1901-1976):  The Physical Principles of the Quantum Theory
German
20
Kafka, Franz (1883-1924):  The Trial, The Castle
German
20
Mann, Thomas (1875-1955):  The Magic Mountain, Joseph and His Brothers
German
20
Planck, Max (1858-1947):  Origin and Development of the Quantum Theory, Where Is Science Going?, Scientific Autobiography
Greek
-9
Homer (9th c. B.C.):  Iliad and Odyssey
Greek
-5
Sophocles (c.495-406 B.C.):  Oedipus, Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone, Philoctetes
Greek
-5
Aeschylus (c.525-456 B.C.):  Agamemnon, Libation Bearers, Eumenides, Prometheus Bound, Oresteia
Greek
-5
Euripides (c.485-406 B.C.):  Bacchae, Imphigeneia at Aulis, Medea, Hippolytus
Greek
-5
Herodotus (c.484-425 B.C.):  History
Greek
-5
Thucydides (c.460-400 B.C.):  History of the Peloponnesian War
Greek
-4
Aristophanes (c.448-380 B.C.):  The Frogs, The Clouds
Greek
-4
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.):  Poetics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics, Politics, De Anima, Categories
Greek
-4
Hippocrates (c.460-377? B.C.):  Medical Writings
Greek
-4
Plato (c.427-347 BC):  Meno, Gorgias, Republic, Apology, Crito, Phaedo, Symposium, Parmenides, Theatetus, Sophist, Timaeus, Phaedrus
Greek
-3
Apollonius of Perga (fl.c.240 B.C.):  Conic Sections
Greek
-3
Archimedes (c.287-212 B.C.):  Works of Archimedes
Greek
-3
Epicurus (c.341-270 B.C.):  ``Letter to Herodotus'' ``Letter to Menoecus''
Greek
-2
Euclid (fl.c. 300 B.C.):  Elements
Greek
1
Nicomachus of Gerasa (fl.c. A.D. 100):  Introduction to Arithmetic
Greek
1
Plutarch (c.45-120):  Parallel Lives, Moralia
Greek
2
Bible
Greek
2
Epictetus (c.60-120):  Discourses, Encheiridion, Manual
Greek
2
Galen (C. 130-200):  On the Natural Faculties
Greek
2
Lucian of Samosata (c.120-c.190):  Dialogues of the Dead. Dialogues of the Sea-Gods. Dialogues of the Gods. Dialogues of the Courtesans
Greek
2
Marcus Aurelius (121-180):  Meditations
Greek
2
Ptolemy (c.100-170; fl. 127-151):  Almagest
Greek
3
Diogenes Laertius (c. 3rd. C.):  Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers
Greek
3
Plotinus (205-270):  The Enneads
Italian
14
Alighieri, Dante (1265-1321):  The New Life, On Monarchy, The Divine Comedy
Italian
14
Boccaccio, Giovanni (1313-1375):  Decameron
Italian
16
Machiavelli, Niccolo (1469-1527):  The Prince, Discourses on the First Ten Books of Livy
Italian
16
Vinci, Leonardo da (1452-1519):  Notebooks
Latin
-1
Cicero (106-43 B.C.):  Orations and Letters
Latin
-1
Horace (65-8 B.C.):  Poetic Works
Latin
-1
Lucretius (c.95-55 B.C.):  On the Nature of Things
Latin
-1
Virgil (70-19 B.C.):  Aeneid
Latin
1
Livy (59 B.C.--A.D. 17):  History of Rome
Latin
1
Ovid (43 B.C.--A.D. 17):  Metamorphosis
Latin
1
Seneca (4 B.C. --A.D.65):  Dialogues, Letters to Lucilius
Latin
2
Tacitus (c.55-117):  Histories, Annals, Agricola , Germania
Latin
5
Augustine of Hippo (354-430):  Confessions, City of God, On Christian Doctrine
Latin
11
Anselm of Canterbury (1033-11909):  Proslogium
Latin
13
Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-1274):  Summa Theologica, Summa Contra Gentiles
Latin
16
Calvin, John (1509-1564):  Institutes of the Christian Religion
Latin
16
Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473-1543):  On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
Latin
16
Erasmus, Desiderius (c.1469-1536):  The Praise of Folly
Latin
16
Gilbert, William (1540-1603):  On the Loadstone and Magnetic Bodies
Latin
16
More, Sir Thomas  (c.1478-1535):  Utopia
Latin
17
Bacon, Francis (1561-1626):  Essays, Advancement of Learning, Novum Organum, New Atlantis
Latin
17
Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642):  The Starry Messenger, Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences
Latin
17
Harvey, William  (1578-1657):  On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals, On the Circulation of the Blood, On the Generation of Animals
Latin
17
Huygens, Christiaan (1629-1695):  Treatise on Light, On the Movement of Bodies by Impact
Latin
17
Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630):  Epitome of Copernican Astronomy, Concerning the Harmonies of the World
Latin
17
Spinoza, Benedict de (1632-1677):  Ethics
Latin
18
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von (1646-1716):  Discourse on Metaphysics, New Essays Concerning Human Understanding, Monadology
Latin
18
Newton, Isaac (1642-1727):  Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, Optics
Norse
13
Anonymous:  Saga of Burnt Njal
Norwegian
20
Ibsen, Henrik (1828-1906):  The Wild Duck, Hedda Gabler, The Master Builder
Russian
19
Dostoevsky, Fyodor (1821-1881):  Crime and Punishment, The Brothers Karamazov, Notes from the Underground
Russian
19
Lobachevsky, Nikolai Ivanovich (1792-1856):  Theory of Parallels
Russian
20
Chekhov, Anton (1860-1904):  Short Stories, The Cherry Orchard
Russian
20
Lenin, Nikolai (1870-1924):  The State and Revolution
Russian
20
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich. (1918-2008):  The First Circle, The Cancer Ward
Russian
20
Tolstoy, Leo (1828-1910):  War and Peace, Anna Karenina
Spanish
16
De Las Casas, Bartolomé (1484-1566):  Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies
Spanish
17
Cervantes, Miguel de (1547-1616):  Don Quixote


Analyzing this list by language, I find that 48 of the authors wrote in English, 26 in French, 24 each in Latin and Greek, 16 in German, 6 in Russian, 4 in Italian, 2 in Spanish, and 1 each in Danish, Norse, and Norwegian.

Analyzing this canon chronologically, I find that there are 31 authors who wrote primarily in the 20th century; 34 primarily in the 19th century; 20 in the 18th; 17 in the 17th; 10 in the 16th; 8 in the millennium generally known as the Middle Ages; 15 in the first five centuries AD of Antiquity; and 18 in the 9-century period of BC Antiquity.

In other words, of a list compiled by American intellectuals in the early 20th century, fully one-third of the classic authors were British or American, one out of every five "classic" authors was still alive at the time the list was compiled, and two-thirds of them lived within the preceding century and a half. This standard canon is, in essence, a chronicle of the Anglo-American liberal tradition with proper and due acknowledgement to the French Enlightenment and Greek Antiquity. This canon is indeed a fine starting point for a life-time of reading and discussion, particularly for those coming from and being educated in the Anglo-American liberal tradition, but I believe it would be more accurate to refer to this list in those terms rather than as the list of great books of Western Civilization as a whole, for it is not broad or representative enough either of the entire time-span of Western Civilization or of the literary heritages that comprise it. Contemplating the list with a general knowledge of the major intellectual traditions of Germany, Italy, and Spain, one will notice that many of the very greatest figures from those languages are absent. Likewise, many of the only comparatively minor languages whose heritages are an integral part of the true scope of Western Civilization are not represented at all, despite having their fair share of classics.

Principles for Expanding the Canon
Thus, I have set about trying to comprise a list that would be more representative of the entire true great books heritage of Western Civilization. I have done this by adding copiously from my direct experience of deliberately searching out the greatest texts from the entire heritage by reading literary, intellectual, and cultural histories of all of the languages of Europe. As attempting to keep the list to 100 or 150 greatest works would have entailed an impossible constant paring down, I saw no sense at all in doing this, but rather simply expanded the list. I am more than willing to continue doing so as it only stands to reason that as time goes by, more and more classics will have been written. Still, in compiling my lists, I have attempted to follow a principle learned from Schopenhauer, which the compilers of the original lists seemed to heed not at all, namely: nothing should be considered a classic until its author has been dead for 100 years. Thus, I have deleted many names from the standard canon and placed them on a separate "20th century waiting list" (also given below) until a century has elapsed since their deaths.

As it stands, I now (in 2010) have over 833 entries on my list of Great Books of Western Civilization. Obviously, this can no longer form the core of a unified college curriculum for seminar discussions, but rather the guidelines for a life-time of reading.

Likewise, feeling that the general time has come for the compilation of similar lists of Great Books from other civilizations as an integral part of the project of Polyliteracy, I have belatedly begun compiling these as well. Thus, I also have and offer the beginnings of lists for Eastern (66 authors/works), Indic (57 authors/works), and what I feel is best labeled "Central" (74 authors/works) Civilizations in rudimentary stages as well. These lists are terribly fragmentary and incomplete, but at least they are a beginning. In compiling them, I am greatly indebted to all previous lists that I have seen, as I have endeavored to incorporate them all and then proceed to expand them. The fact that the exotic lists are still so sketchy indicates just how much work has yet to be done before the 21st century mind can truly claim to be global in its perspective.

The Expanded Comprehensive Canon for Western Civilization

As noted above, this list attempts to include the most important figures from all times from all European languages. I have generally put the titles of their works in English if translations exist, but I am afraid I have not been completely systematic about this. Authors are listed alphabetically according to their century, centuries are organized chronologically within each language, and the entire list is alphabetized according to language of composition. At times I will indubitably have erred in my placement of certain authors who wrote in more than one language or whose life spans overlapped two centuries. In order to qualify for this list, the writer must have died before 1910; prominent 20th century writers and thinkers who lived past 1911 are found on the separate 20th Century Waiting List. If you have suggestions for additions, subtractions, corrections, or any other emendations or improvements, please do .


The Expanded Comprehensive Canon for Western Civilization
Language
Century
Author & Work(s)
Catalan
13
Llull, Ramon (1232-1315) : Ars Magna, Book of Animals, etc.
Catalan
14
Eiximenis, Francesc (1327-1409) : Lo Crestià
Catalan
14
Munatner, Ramon (1277-1336) et al. : Four Great Chronicles
Catalan
14
Metge, Bernat (c.1340-1413) : Libre de Fortuna e de Prudència, Lo somni
Catalan
14
Turmeda, Anselm (1355-1423) : Dispute of the Ass, Llibre dels bons amonestaments
Catalan
15
Anonymous (c.1460) : Curial e Güelfa
Catalan
15
March, Ausias (1397-1459) : Songs of Love, Songs of Death, Spiritual Songs
Catalan
15
Martorell, Joanot (1405-1465) & Martí Joan de Galba (died 1490) : Tirant lo Blanc
Catalan
16
Romaguera, Josep (1642–1723) : Atheneo de Grandesa
Catalan
17
Fontanella, Francesc (1615-1685) : Antologia poètica
Catalan
18
Baron of Maldà, Rafael d’Amat i de Cortada (1746-1818) : Calaix de sastre
Catalan
19
Verdaguer, Jacint (1845-1902) : L’Atlàntida
Croatian
15
Drži?, Džore (1461-1501) : Ranjina's Miscellany, Radmio and Ljubmir
Croatian
15
Maruli?, Marko (1450-1524) : Judith
Croatian
16
Drži?, Marin (1508-1567) :  Dundo Maroje, Skup The Miser, Novela od Stanca, Pomet
Croatian
16
Zorani?, Petar (1508-1569) : Planine
Croatian
17
Gunduli?, Ivan (Dživo) (1589–1638) : Osman
Croatian
18
Relkovi?, Matija Antun (1732–1798) : Satir or savage man
Croatian
19
Kova?i?, Ante (1854-1889) : U registraturi
Croatian
19
Mažurani?, Ivan (1814-1890) : Smrt Smail age ?engi?a—"Death of Smail aga ?engi?
Croatian
19
Šenoa, August (1838–1881) : Goldsmith's Gold, Pirates of Senj, Peasants' Revolt, Diogenes
Czech
14
Anonymous (c.1314) : Chronicle of Dalimil
Czech
19
Mácha, Karel Hynek (1810-1836) : Maj
Czech
19
Klicpera, Václav Kliment (1792-1859) : Divotvorný klobouk, Hadrián z ?íms?, Ján za chrta dán, Rohovín ?tverrohý, Zlý jelen
Czech
19
Šafárik, Pavel Jozef (1795-1861) : Muse of Tatras
Danish
17
Leonora Christina, Countess Ulfeldt (1621-1698) : Jammersminde
Danish
18
Ewald, Johannes (1743-1781) : Collected Poems, Rolf Krage, Balders Død, Fiskerne, Levnet og Meninger
Danish
19
Andersen, Hans Christian (1805-1875) : Tales
Danish
19
Baggesen, Jens Immanuel (1764-1826) : Collected poems
Danish
19
Jacobsen, Jens Peter (1847-1885) : Niels Lyhne, Fru Marie Grubbe, Mogens og andre Noveller
Danish
19
Grundtvig, Nikolaj Frederik Severin (1783-1872) : Northern Mythology, The Fall of the Heroic Life in the North, The First World Chronicle, Rhyme of Roskilde
Danish
19
Kierkegaard, Soren (1813-1855) : Either/Or, Sickness unto Death, Concept of Dread, Fear and Trembling
Danish
19
Oehlenschläger, Adam Gottlob (1779-1850) : Baldur hin Gode, Palnatoke, Axel og Valborg, Hakon Jarl, Nordens Guder, Væringerne i Miklagaard, Hrolf Krake, Thors Reise til Jotunheim, Langelandsreisen, Aladdin
Dutch
13
Anonymous (c.1200) : Karel ende Elegast
Dutch
13
Anonymous (c.1240) : Van den Vos Reynaerd
Dutch
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Roman van Ferguut
Dutch
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Morien
Dutch
13
Jacob van Maerlant (c.1230-c.1300) : Flower of Nature, Mirror of History
Dutch
13
Melis Stoke (1235 -1305) : Rijmkroniek
Dutch
14
Anonymous (c.1350) : Abele Spelen
Dutch
14
Anonymous (c.1350) : Everyman
Dutch
14
Anonymous (c.1374) : Beatrijs
Dutch
14
Jan van Ruysbroeck (1293-1381) : The Spiritual Espousals
Dutch
16
Coornhert, Dirck Volckertszoon (1522-1590) : Art of Ethics (1586)
Dutch
17
Bredero, Gerbrand Adriaensz (1585-1618) : Spanish Brabanter
Dutch
17
Cats, Jacob (1577-1660) : Emblem Books
Dutch
17
Heemskerk, Johan van (1597-1656) : Batavian Arcadia (1637)
Dutch
17
Heinsius, Nicolas (1655-1718) : Mirandor (1675)
Dutch
17
Hooft, Pieter Corneliszoon (1581-1647) : History of the Netherlands
Dutch
17
van den Vondel, Joost (1587-1679) : Lucifer, Joannes de Boetgezant
Dutch
19
Conscience, Hendrik (1812-1883) : The Lion of Flanders, Blind Rosa, Rikketikketak, The Decayed Gentleman, The Miser
Dutch
19
Multatuli (Eduard Douwes Dekker, 1820–1887) : Max Havelaar
English
8
Anonymous (c.750) : Beowulf
English
14
Anonymous (c.1375) : Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
English
14
Chaucer, Geoffrey (c.1340-1400) : Troilus and Criseyde, Canterbury Tales
English
14
Gower, John (1330-1408) : Confessio Amantis, or Tales of the Seven Deadly Sins
English
14
Langland, William (c.1400) : Piers the Plowman
English
15
Malory, Sir Thomas (c.1470) : Morte D'Arthur
English
16
Bunyan, John (1628-1688) : Pilgrim's Progress
English
16
Foxe, John (1516-1587) : Book of Martyrs
English
16
Marlowe, Christopher (1563-1594) : Doctor Faustus, Edward II, Tamburlaine
English
16
Sidney, Sir Philip (1554–1586) : Arcadia
English
16
Spenser, Edmund (c.1552-1599) : Faerie Queene
English
17
Cowley, Abraham (1618-1667) : Essays
English
17
Donne, John (1572–1631) : Complete English Poems
English
17
Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679) : Leviathan, Elements of Law, Natural & Politic
English
17
Jonson, Benjamin (1572–1637) : Volpone, The Alchemist, Bartholomew Fair
English
17
Milton, John (1608-1674) : Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained, Samson Agonistes
English
17
Shakespeare, William (1564-1616) : Macbeth, Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, King John, Henry V, Richard III, Sonnets
English
18
Addison, Jospeh (1672–1719) : Essays
English
18
Berkeley, George (1685-1753) : Principles of Human Knowledge
English
18
Boswell, James (1740-1795) : Life of Johnson
English
18
Burke, Edmund (1729-1797) : Reflections on the Revolution in France
English
18
Burns, Robert (1759-1796) : Poems and Songs
English
18
Defoe, Daniel (1660-1731) : Robinson Crusoe
English
18
Franklin, Benjamin (1706-1790) : Autobiography
English
18
Gibbon, Edward (1737-1794) : Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Memoirs
English
18
Hume, David (1711-1776) : Human Nature,  Human Understanding, Natural Religion
English
18
Johnson, Samuel (1709-1784) : Rasselas, Vanity of Human Wishes, Lives of the Poets
English
18
Macphearson, James (1736-1796) : Ossian
English
18
Park, Mungo (1771-1806) : Travels in the Interior of Africa
English
18
Reid, Thomas (1710–1796) : An Inquiry Into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense
English
18
Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3d earl of (1671–1713) : Characteristicks of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times
English
18
Smith, Adam (1723-1790) : Theory of Moral Sentiments, Wealth of Nations
English
18
Steele, Sir Richard (1672–1729) : Essays
English
18
Swift, Jonathan (1667-1745) : Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal, Battle of the Books
English
19
Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832) : Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Theory of Fictions
English
19
Blake, William (1757-1827) : Songs of Innocence and Experience
English
19
Burkhardt, John Lewis (1784-1817) : Travels in Arabia
English
19
Byron, George Gordon, Lord (1788-1824) : Don Juan
English
19
Carlyle, Thomas (1795-1881) : French Revolution, On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History
English
19
Darwin, Charles (1809-1882) : Origin of Species, Descent of Man, Autobiography
English
19
Dickens, Charles (1812-1870) : Oliver Twist, Nicolas Nickleby, Martin Chuzzlewit, David Copperfield, Bleak House, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations
English
19
Eliot, George (1819-1880) : Adam Bede, Middlemarch, Mill on the Floss, Silas Marner
English
19
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803-1882) : Representative Men, Essays, Conduct of Life
English
19
Faraday, Michael (1791-1867) : Chemical History of a Candle, Experimental Researches in Electricity
English
19
Godwin, William (1756-1836) : An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, Things as They Are or The Adventures of Caleb Williams
English
19
Hawthorne, Nathaniel (1804-1864) : The Scarlet Letter
English
19
Hogg, James (1770-1835) : The Private Memoirs and Confessions of A Justified Sinner
English
19
Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–1895) : Autobiography and Selected Essays
English
19
James, William (1842-1910) : Principles of Psychology, Will to Believe, Varieties of Religious Experience, Pragmatism
English
19
Keats, John (1795–1821) : Complete Poems
English
19
Lamb, Charles (1775-1834) : Essays of Elia
English
19
Lyell, Charles (1797-1875) : Principles of Geology; Travels in North America
English
19
Macaulay, Thomas Babington (1800–1859) : Essays
English
19
Melville, Herman (1819-1891) : Moby Dick, Billy Budd
English
19
Meredith, George (1828-1909) : The Ordeal of Richard Feverel, The Egoist
English
19
Mill, John Stuart (1806-1873) : On Liberty, Utilitarianism, Autobiography
English
19
Morris, William (1834-1896) : The Wood Beyond the World, The Well at the World's End, News from Nowhere
English
19
Newman, John Henry (1801-1890) : Apologia Pro Vita Sua
English
19
Poe, Edgar Allan (1809-1849) : Tales, Poems, Essays
English
19
Ricardo, David (1772–1823) : Principles of Political Economy and Taxation
English
19
Scott, Sir Walter (1771-1832) : Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, The Lady of The Lake, Waverley, Tales of the Crusaders, Quentin Durward
English
19
Tennyson, Alfred Lord (1809-1892) : Idylls of the King
English
19
Thoreau, Henry David (1817-1862) : Civil Disobedience, Walden
English
19
Trollope, Anthony (1816-1882) : Barchester Towers
English
19
Twain, Mark (1832-1910) : Tom Sawyer, Huckelberry Finn
Finnish
19
Lönnerot, Elias (1802-1884) : Kalevala
French
11
Anonymous (c.1100) : Chanson de Roland
French
11
Anonymous (c.1100) : Le Roman d'Alexandre
French
12
Anonymous (c.1100) : Le Roman de Thèbes
French
11
Anonymous (c.1100) : Le Cycle de Guillaume d'Orange
French
11
Richard le Pèlerin (c.1100) : La Chanson d'Antioche
French
12
Anonymous (c.1140) : Le Pèlerinage de Charlemagne
French
12
Anonymous (c.1160) : Le Roman d'Enéas
French
12
Anonymous (c.1180) : Fierabras, Aspremont
French
12
Anonymous (c.1200) : Ysopet et Avionnet
French
12
Anonymous (c.1200) : Renaud de Montauban ou Les Quatre Fils Aymon, Raoul de Cambrai, Doön de Mayence, Ogier le Danois, Gormont et Isembart
French
12
Anonymous (c.1200) : Garin le Loherain, Hervis de Metz, Gerbert de Metz, Anseïs fils de Girbert
French
12
Anonymous (c.1250) : Ami et Amile, Jourdain de Blaye
French
12
Benoît de Sainte-Maure (d. 1173) : Le Roman de Troie
French
12
Béroul (fl.c.1175) : Tristan et Iseut
French
12
Bertrand de Bar-sur-Aube (fl.c.1200) : Girard de Vienne, Aymeri de Narbonne, Les Narbonnais, Beuve de Hantone
French
12
Chretein de Troyes (fl.1165-80) : Percival ou le Conte du Graal, Lancelot ou le Chevalier de la Charrette, Yvaine, Erec and Enide, Cliges
French
12
Geoffrey de Villhardouin (1160-1213) : Chronicles
French
12
Marie de France (c.1200) : Lais, Fables
French
12
Pierre de Saint Cloud (fl.c.1175) : Le Roman de Renart
French
12
Robert de Boron (c.1200) : Merlin, Le Roman du Graal
French
12
Thomas of Britain (fl.c.1275) : Tristan et Iseut
French
12
Wace (c.1115-c.1183) : Roman de Brut, Roman de Rou
French
13
Anonymous (c.1240) : Huon de Bordeaux, Roman d'Aubéron, Huon Roi de Féérie, Chanson d'Esclarmonde, Chanson de Clarisse et Florent, Chanson d'Yde et d'Olive, Chanson de Godin, Roman de Croissant
French
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Arthurian Cycle - Lancelot du Lac, La Queste del Saint Graal, La Mort le Roi Artu, Erec, La premiere continuation de Perceval, Merlin le Prophete ou le Livre du Graal, Estoire del Saint Grail, Prose Tristan, L'Atre périlleux
French
13
Brunetto Latini (1230-1294) : Le Livre du Tresor
French
13
Gerbert de Montreuil (fl.c.1250) : Le Roman de la violette, Gérard de Nevers
French
13
Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun[g] (1240-1305) : Romance of the Rose
French
13
Jean de Joinville (1224-1317) : Chronicles
French
13
Jean Renart (fl.c.1180-c.1240) : Galeran de Bretagne, Le Chevalier au Cygne, L'Escoufle, Guillaume de Dole
French
13
Renaut de Beaujeu (fl.c.1180-c.1230) : Le Bel Inconnu
French
14
Anonymous (c.1300) : Gui de Warewic
French
14
Christine de Pisan (1365-1430) : The Book of the City of Ladies
French
14
Eustache Deschamps (1346-1406) : Poems, Ballades, Le Miroir de Mariage
French
14
Froissart (1333-1400) : Histories
French
14
Henri de Ferrieres (c.1350) : Le Livre du Roy Modus et de la Royne Ratio
French
14
Jehan de Mandeville (c.1350) : Travels
French
15
Alain Chartier (c.1392-c.1430) : Le Quadrilogue Invectif
French
15
Antoine de la Sale (1388-1462) : Jehan de Saintré
French
15
Charles d'Orléans (1394-1465) : Ballades
French
15
Philippe de Commynes (1447-1511) : Memoires
French
15
Villon (Francois de Moncorbier) (1431-c.1463) : Le Testament
French
16
Bellay, Joachim du (1522-1560) : Regrets
French
16
d'Aubigné, Théodore-Agrippa (1552–1630) : Les Tragiques
French
16
Marguerite de Navarre (d'Angouleme) (1492-1549) : Heptameron
French
16
Marguerite de Valois (1553-1615) : Memoires
French
16
Montaigne, Michel de (1533-1592) : Essays
French
16
Rabelais, Francois (c.1495-1553) : Gargantua and Pantagruel
French
16
Ronsard, Pierre de (1524-1585) : Odes
French
16
Scève, Maurice (1500-1560) : Délie
French
17
Bayle, Pierre (1647–1706) : Philosophical Commentary
French
17
Boileau-Despréaux, Nicolas (1636-1711) : L'Art poétique, Le Lutrin
French
17
Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne (1627-1704) : Funerary Orations
French
17
Cardinal de Retz, Jean François Paul de Gondi (1614-1679) : Memoirs
French
17
Champlain, Samuel de (1580-1635) : Travels in New France
French
17
Corneille, Pierre (1606-1684) : Le Cid, Horace, Cinna, Polyeucte
French
17
Fayette, Marie-Madeleine de la (1634-1693) : The Princess of Cleves
French
17
Fenelon, Francois de Salignac de la Mothe (1651-1715) : Adventures of Telemachus, Dialogues
French
17
La Fontaine (1621-1695) : Fables
French
17
Malebranche, Nicolas (1638-1715) : Concerning the Search after Truth, Treatise on Ethics
French
17
Moliere (1622-1673) : The Misanthrope, The School for Wives, Tartuffe, The Miser, The Imaginary Invalid, The Bourgeois Gentleman
French
17
Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662) : Provincial Letters, Pensees, Scientific Treatises, Meditations
French
17
Racine, Jean Baptiste (1639-1699) :  La Thébaïde, Alexandre le Grand, Andromaque, Les Plaideurs, Britannicus, Bérénice, Bajazet, Mithridate, Iphigénie, Phèdre, Esther, Athalie
French
17
Tallement des Réaux, Gédéon (1619-1692) : Histoirettes
French
18
Casanova, Giacomo Girolamo (1725–1798) : Autobiography & Memoirs
French
18
Condillac, Etienne Bonnot de (1715-1780) : On the Origin of Human Knowledge, Treatise on Sensations
French
18
D'Alembert, Jean le Rond (1717–1783) : Encyclopédie
French
18
D'Holbach, Paul Henri Dietric, Baron (1723-1789) : System of Nature, Universal Morality
French
18
Diderot, Denis (1713-1784) : Encyclopédie, Jacques the Fatalist and his Master, Rameau's Nephew
French
18
Duclos, Charles Pinot (1704-1772) : Considérations sur les moeurs de ce siècle
French
18
Helvétius, Claude-Adrien (1715-1771) : On the Mind, On Man
French
18
La Rochefoucauld, Francois VI, duc de (1613-1680) : Maximes
French
18
Laclos, Choderlos de (1741-1803) : Dangerous Liaisons
French
18
Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent (1743-1794) : Elements of Chemistry
French
18
Lesage, Alain Rene (1668-1747) : Gil Blas de Santillane, Le Diable Boiteux
French
18
Marivaux, Pierre Carlet de (1668-1763) : Le Triomphe de l'amour, Le Jeu de l'amour et du hasard, Les Fausses Confidences
French
18
Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, Baron de (1689-1755) : Persian Letters, Spirit of Laws
French
18
Prévost, Antoine-Francois, l'Abbé (1697-1763) : L'Histoire du Chevalier des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut
French
18
Rétif de la Bretonne, Nicolas-Edme (1734–1806) : Ingenue Saxancour
French
18
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778) : Confessions, Reveries, Social Contract, Emile, Julie
French
18
Sade, Donatien Alphonse François, le Marquis de (1740–1814) : Justine, Juliette
French
18
Saint-Simon, Louis de Rouvroy, duc de (1675–1755) : Memoirs
French
18
Voltaire (1694-1778) : Zadig, Micromégas, Candide, Dictionnaire philosophique, Universal History
French
19
Balzac, Honore de (1799-1850) : Le Père Goriot, Le Lys dans la vallée, La Rabouilleuse, Illusions perdues, La Cousine Bette, Le Cousin Pons
French
19
Baudelaire, Charles (1821-1867) : Les Fleurs du mal, Les paradis artificiels, Le Spleen de Paris/Petits Poèmes en Prose
French
19
Bernard, Claude (1813-1878) : Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine
French
19
Chateaubriand, Francois-Rene de (1768-1848) : Memoires d'Outre-Tombe, Genie du Christianisme
French
19
Comte, Auguste (1798-1857) : Positive Philosophy
French
19
Daudet, Alphonse (1840-1897) : Lettres de Mon Moulin, Tartarin de Tarascon
French
19
d'Aurevilly (Jules Amédée) Barbey (1808–1889) : Le Chevalier des touches, Les Diaboliques
French
19
Dumas, Alexandre (1802-1870) : The Count of Monte Cristo, The Three Muskateers
French
19
Flaubert, Gustave (1821-1880) : Madame Bovary, Salammbô, Sentimental Education, The Temptation of Saint Anthony, Bouvard et Pécuchet
French
19
Fourier, Jean Baptiste Joseph (1768-1830) : Analytical Theory of Heat
French
19
Gobineau, Joseph Arthur Comte de (1816-1882) : An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races
French
19
Hugo, Victor (1797-1885) : Les Misérables, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, La Légende des siècles
French
19
Huysmans, Joris-Karl (1848-1907) : À rebours, Là-Bas, En route, La cathédrale, L'Oblat
French
19
Joubert, Joseph (1754-1824) : Pensées, essais, maximes et correspondance
French
19
Lamartine, Alphonse de (1790-1869) : Souvenirs...pendant un voyage en Orient
French
19
Lautréamont (1846-1870) : Les chants de Maldoror
French
19
Maupassant, Guy de (1850-1893) : Complete Short Stories
French
19
Michelet, Jules (1798-1874) : History of France
French
19
Nerval, Gérard de (Labrunie) (1808–1855) : Voyage en Orient
French
19
Potocki, Count Jan Nepomucen (1761-1815) : Manuscrit Trouvé à Saragosse
French
19
Renan, Ernest (1823-1892) : Souvenirs d'enfance et de jeunesse
French
19
Rimbaud, Arthur (1854-1891) : Le bateau ivre, Une Saison en Enfer, Illuminations
French
19
Saint-Simon, (Claude) Henri de Rouvroy, comte de (1760–1825) : Introduction aux travaux scientifiques du XIXe siècle, Mémoire sur la science de l'homme, De la réorganisation de la société européenne, Le Nouveau Christianisme
French
19
Sand, George = Amandine-Lucile-Aurore Dupin, Baroness Dudevant (1804–1876) : Autobiography
French
19
Stendhal (1783-1842) : Le Rouge et le Noir, La Chartreuse de Parme
French
19
Tocqueville, Alexis de (1805-1859) : Democracy in America
French
19
Verne, Jules (1828-1905) : A Journey to the Centre of the Earth, From the Earth to the Moon, Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, Around the World in Eighty Days, The Mysterious Island
French
19
Villiers de l'Isle-Adam (1838–1889) : Contes cruels
French
19
Zola, Emile (1840-1902 ) : L'Assommoir, Nana, Germinal
German
10
Anonymous (c.870) : Hildebrandslied, Muspilli
German
12
Anonymous (c.1180) : Nibelungenlied
German
12
Anonymous (c.1190) : Kudrun
German
12
Anonymous (c.1150) : Kaiserchronik oder Der Keiser und der Kunige Buoch
German
12
Dietmar von Aist (fl.c.1140-1171) : Lieder
German
12
Eilhart von Oberge (fl.c.1180) : Tristrant
German
12
Friedrich von Hausen (c.1150-1190) : Lieder
German
12
Heinrich von Morungen (c.1200) : Lieder
German
12
Heinrich von Veldeke (c.1185) : Eneasroman
German
12
Konrad der Pfaffe (c.1170) : Das Rolandslied
German
12
Reinmar von Hagenau (d.1210) : Lieder
German
13
Anonymous (c.1220) : Sachsenspiegel
German
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Rosengarten zu Worms
German
13
Albrecht von Scharfenberg (fl.1270) : Jüngere Titurel
German
13
Der Stricker (fl.c.1220) : Daniel von dem blühenden Tal, Karl, Pfaffe Âmis
German
13
Der Pleier (fl.1240-1270) : Garel von dem blühenden Tal, Tandareis und Flordibel, Meleranz
German
13
Gotfried von Strassburg (fl.1210) : Tristan and Isolde
German
13
Hartmann von Aue (fl.1190-1210) : Gregorius, Poor Henry, Erec, Iwein
German
13
Konrad von Würzburg (d.1287) : Der trojanische Krieg, Partenopier und Meliur, Der Welt Lohn, Klage der Kunst, Engelhart und Engeltrut, Kaiser Otto, Das Herzemaere
German
13
Neidhart von Reuental (fl.1210-1240) : Lieder
German
13
Rudolf von Ems (c.1200-1254) : Der gute Gerhard, Barlaam and Josaphat, Wilhelm von Orlens, Alexanderroman, Weltchronik
German
13
Ulrich von Liechtenstein (1200–1278) : Frauendienst, Frauenbuch
German
13
Ulrich von Türheim (fl.c.1200-1250) : Tristan, Rennewart
German
13
Walther von der Vogelweide (1170-1230) : Lieder
German
13
Wolfram von Eschenbach (1170-1220) : Parzival, Willehalm, Titurel
German
14
Heinrich von Meissen = der Frauenlob (c.1250-1318) : Lieder
German
14
Johannes von Tepl (c.1350-1414) : Der Ackermann aus Böhmen
German
15
Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528) : Records of Travels
German
15
Anonymous (c.1510) : Till Eulenspiegel
German
15
Heinrich von Wittenwiler (c.1410) : Der Ring
German
15
Hugo von Montfort (1357-1423) : Lieder
German
15
Oswald von Wolkenstein (1376-1445) : Lieder
German
15
Sebastian Brant (c.1494) : Das Narrenschiff
German
16
Boehme, Jakob (1575-1624) : Way to Christ
German
16
Fischart, Johann (1546-1590) : Das glueckshaffte Schiff, Geschischtsklitterung
German
16
Luther, Martin (1483-1546) : Table Talk
German
16
Sachs, Hans (1494-1576) : Lieder
German
16
Wickram, Jörg (c.1505-1562) : Das Rollwagenbuchlein, Ritter Galmy aus Schottland, Gabriotto und Reinhard, Der Knabenspiegel, Von guten und bösen Nachbarn, Der Goldfaden
German
17
Böhme, Jakob (1575-1624) : Aurora, The Way to Christ, Theosophic Questions
German
17
Grimmelshausen, Hans Jacob Christoph von (1621-1676) : Adventurous Simplicissimus
German
17
Gryphius, Andreas (1616-1664) : Carolus Stuardus
German
17
Hoffmann von Hoffmannswaldau, Christian (1616-1679) : Poetry
German
17
Lohenstein, Daniel Casper von (1635-1683) : Großmütiger Feldherr Arminius
German
17
Opitz von Boberfeld, Martin (1597-1639) : Buch von der deutschen Poeterey
German
17
Ulrich von Braunschweig und Lüneburg-Wolfenbüttel, Herzog Anton (1633-1714) : Die Durchleuchtige Syrerinn Aramena
German
18
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb (1762-1814) : Foundations of the Entire Science of Knowledge, The Science of Knowing
German
18
Gellert, Christian Fürchtegott (1715-1769) : Fables
German
18
Gottsched, Johann Christoph (1700-1766) : Erste Gründe der gesamten Weltweisheit, 1733
German
18
Günther, Johann Christian (1695-1723) : Collected Poems
German
18
Herder, Johann Gottfried (1744-1803) : Treatise on the Origin of Language, Outline of a Philosophical History of Humanity, On Diligence in Several Learned Languages, How Philosophy can become more Universal and Useful for the Benefit of the People, Of German Character and Art
German
18
Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804) : Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Practical Reason, Critique of Judgment
German
18
Kleist, Heinrich von (1777-1811) : Collected Short Stories
German
18
Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb (1724-1803) : Die Gelehrtenrepublik
German
18
Lenz, Jakob Michael Reinhold (1751-1792) : The Torments of the Land
German
18
Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim (1729-1781) : Nathan the Wise, Laocoon, The Education of Humankind
German
18
Lichtenberg, Georg Christoph (1742-1799) : Sudelbücher, Briefe aus England
German
18
Moritz, Karl Philipp Moritz (1756-1793) : Anton Reiser
German
18
Münchhausen, Karl Friedrich Hieronymus, Freiherr von (1720-1797) : Wonderful Travels
German
18
Niebuhr, Carsten (1733-1815) : Travels Through Arabia
German
18
Novalis = Friedrich von Hardenberg (1772-1801) : Heinrich von Ofterdingen, Hymns to the Night
German
18
Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von (1759-1805) : The Robbers, Wallenstein, William Tell, On the Aesthetic Education of Man, A History of the Thirty Years' War, Selected Poems
German
18
Wieland, Christoph Martin (1733-1813) : History of Agathon, Oberon
German
19
Achim von Arnim, Carl Joachim Friedrich Ludwig (1781-1831) : Des Knaben Wunderhorn, Der tolle Invalide auf dem Fort Ratonneau
German
19
Brentano de La Roche, Clemens Wenzeslaus (1778-1842) : Des Knaben Wunderhorn, Romanzen vom Rosenkranz
German
19
Clausewitz, Karl von (1780-1831) : On War
German
19
Feuerbach, Ludwig Andreas von (1804–1872) : The Essence of Christianity
German
19
Fontane, Theodor (1819 - 1898) : Vor dem Sturm, Effi Briest
German
19
Freytag, Gustav (1816-1895) : Debit and Credit, Erinnerungen aus meinen Leben, Bilder aus der deutschen Vergangenheit
German
19
Fröbel, Friedrich Wilhelm August (1782–1852) : Die Menschenerziehung, die Erziehungs-, Unterrichts- und Lehrkunst, Autobiography
German
19
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832) : Götz von Berlichingen, Die Leiden des jungen Werther, Iphigenie auf Tauris, Reineke Fuchs, Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre, Hermann und Dorothea, Faust I & II, Aus Meinem Leben: Dichtung und Wahrheit, Westöstlicher Diwan, Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre
German
19
Grillparzer, Franz (1791-1872) : Des Meeres und der Liebe Wellen, Der Traum, ein Leben
German
19
Grimm, Jacob (1785-1863) : Geschichte der deutschen Sprache, Deutsche Grammatik, Deutsche Mythologie, Deutsche Sagen, Kinder- und Hausmärchen
German
19
Grimm, Wilhelm (1786-1859) : Die deutsche Heldensage, Deutsche Sagen, Kinder- und Hausmärchen
German
19
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770-1831) : Phenomenology of Spirit, Philosophy of History
German
19
Heine, Heinrich (1797-1856) : Complete Poems
German
19
Hoffmann, E.T.A. (1776-1822) : Collected Short Stories
German
19
Hölderlin, Friedrich (1770-1843) : Hyperion
German
19
Humboldt, Alexander von (1769-1859) : Kosmos
German
19
Humboldt, Wilhelm von (1767-1835) : The Heterogeneity of Language and its Influence on the Intellectual Development of Mankind, Über das vergleichende Sprachstudium in Beziehung auf die verschiedenen Epochen der Sprachentwicklung
German
19
Keller, Gottfried (1819-1890) : Green Henry
German
19
Marx, Karl (1818-1883) : Capital, Communist Manifesto
German
19
Mendel, Gregor Johann (1822–1884) : Experiments in Plant Hybridization
German
19
Meyer, Conrad Ferdinand (1825-1898) : The Wedding of the Monk and other historical novellas
German
19
Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm (1844-1900) : Human, All Too Human, The Dawn, The Gay Science, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Beyond Good and Evil, On the Genealogy of Morality, Twilight of the Idols, The Antichrist, Ecce Homo
German
19
Paul, Jean = Johann Paul Friedrich Richter (1763-1825) : The Invisible Lodge
German
19
Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich (1746–1827) : How Gertrude Teaches her Children
German
19
Raabe, Wilhelm (1831-1910) : Kloster Lugau
German
19
Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von (1775-1854) : Ideas concerning a philosophy of nature, On the world-soul, Philosophical Inquiries into the Nature of Human Freedom
German
19
Schlegel, August Wilhelm von (1767-1845) : Collected Poems
German
19
Schlegel, Friedrich von (1772-1829) : Philosophie des Lebens, Philosophie der Geschichte
German
19
Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst (1768–1834) : On Religion
German
19
Schopenhauer, Arthur (1788-1860) : The World as Will and Representation, On the Will in Nature, On the Freedom of the Will, On the Basis of Morality, Parerga and Paralipomena
German
19
Stifter, Adalbert (1805-1868) : Der Nachsommer, Witiko
German
19
Storm, Theodor (1817-1888) : Immensee, Der Schimmelreiter
German
19
Tieck, Johann Ludwig (1773-1853) : Phantasus, Volksmärchen von Peter Lebrecht
Greek
-9
Homer (9th c. BC) : The Iliad, The Odyssey
Greek
-8
Hesiod (8th c. BC) : Theogonie, Homerica
Greek
-6
Aesop (6th c. BC) : Fables
Greek
-5
Aeschylus (c.525-456 BC) : The Persians, Seven Against Thebes, The Suppliants, The Oresteia (= Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers, The Eumenides), Prometheus Bound
Greek
-5
Aristophanes (c.448-380 BC) :  The Acharnians, The Knights, The Clouds, The Wasps, Peace, The Birds, Lysistrata, Thesmophoriazusae, The Frogs, Ecclesiazusae, Wealth
Greek
-5
Euripides (c.485-406 BC) : Alcestis, Medea, Trojan Women, The Bacchae, Cyclops, Andromache, Electra, Iphigenia in Tauris, Iphigenia at Aulis
Greek
-5
Herodotus (c.484-425 BC) : The Histories
Greek
-5
Hippocrates (c.460-c.377 BC) : The Hippocratic Corpus
Greek
-5
Pindar (522-438 BC) : Odes
Greek
-5
Sophocles (c.495-406 BC) : Ajax, Antigone, Trachinian Women, Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes, Oedipus at Colonus
Greek
-5
Thucydides (c.460-400 BC) : History of the Peloponnesian War
Greek
-4
Aristotle (384-322 BC) : Organon [Categories, De Interpretatione, Prior Analytics, Posterior Analytics, Topics, Sophistical Refutations], Physics, On the Heavens, On Generation and Corruption, De Mundo, De Anima, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics, Great Ethics, Eudemian Ethics, On Virtues and Vices, Politics, Rhetoric, Poetics
Greek
-4
Epicurus (c.341-270 BC) : Letter to Herodotus, Letter to Menoecus
Greek
-4
Euclid (fl.300 BC) : Elements
Greek
-4
Menander (342-292 BC) : Dyskolos
Greek
-4
Plato (c.427-347 BC) : Euthyphro, The Apology, Crito, Phaedo, Cratylus, Theaetetus, Sophist, Statesman, Parmenides, Philebus, The Symposium, Phaedrus, Charmides, Laches, Lysis, Euthydemus, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno, (The) Republic, Timaeus, Critias, The Laws
Greek
-4
Xenophon (431-350 BC) :  Anabasis, Cyropaedia, Hellenica, Agesilaus, Memorabilia, Oeconomicus, Symposium, Apology, Hiero, Ways and, Constitution of Sparta
Greek
-3
Apollonius of Perga (fl.240 BC) : Conic Sections
Greek
-3
Archimedes (287-212 BC) : Complete Works
Greek
-3
Theocritus (fl.270 BC) : Idylls
Greek
-2
Pausanias (c.120-180) : Description of Greece
Greek
1
Chariton of Aphrodisias (fl.50) : The Loves of Chaereas and Callirhoe
Greek
1
Epictetus (c.60-120) : Discourses, Encheiridion, Manual
Greek
1
Nicomachus of Gerasa (fl.100) : Introduction to Arithmetic
Greek
1
Plutarch (c.45-120) : Parallel Lives, Opinions of the Philosophers
Greek
2
Galen (129-216) : On the Natural Faculties
Greek
2
Longus (fl.c.150) : Daphnis and Chloe
Greek
2
Lucian (c.120-c.190) : Dialogues of the Gods, Dialogues of the Dead, a True Story
Greek
2
Marcus Aurelius (121-180) : Meditations
Greek
2
Ptolemy (c.100-170; fl. 127-151) : Almagest
Greek
3
Achilles Tatius (c.200?) : The Adventures of Leucippe and Cleitophon.
Greek
3
Diogenes Laertius (fl.250) : Lives, Teachings, and Sayings of Famous Philosophers
Greek
3
Heliodorus of Emesa (c.250) : Aethiopica or Theagenes and Chariclea
Greek
3
Philostratus II, the Athenian (c.170-247) : The Life of Apollonius of Tyre
Greek
3
Plotinus (205-270) : Enneads
Greek
6
Procopius (c.500-c.565) : Wars of Justinian, The Buildings of Justinian, The Secret History.
Greek
8
Theophanes Confessor (c.758-c.818) : Chronicles
Greek
11
Psellos, Michael (c.1018-c.1078) : Chronographia, De Operatione Daemonum
Greek
12
Anonymous (c.1150) : Digenes Akrites
Greek
12
Eusthatios Makrembolites (fl.c. 1275) Hysimine and Hysimines
Greek
12
Niketas Eugenianos (fl. 12th c.) : Drósilla and Charaklís
Greek
12
Anna Comnena (1093-c.1148) : Alexiad
Greek
14
Anonymous (14th. C.) : Belthandro and Chrysantza, Kallimachos and Chrysorroi, Livistros and Rodamini
Greek
16
Kornaros, Vitsentzos (1553-1613) : Erotokritos
Greek
19
Kalvos, Andreas (1792-1869) : Collected Poems
Greek
19
Paparregopolos, Constantine (fl.1870) : History of the Greek Nation
Greek
19
Roidis, Emmanuel (1836-1904) : Pope Joan
Greek
19
Solomos, Dionysios (1798-1857) : Collected Poems
Greek
19
Vizyinos, Georgios (1849-1896) : Collected Short Stories
Hungarian
16
Balassi, Bálint baron of Kékk? and Gyarmat (1554-1594) : Poetry
Hungarian
17
Pázmány, Péter (1570-1637) : Guide to Truth
Hungarian
17
Zrínyi, Miklós (1620–1664) : The Peril of Sziget
Hungarian
19
Arany, János (1817-1882) : Ballads
Hungarian
19
Jókai, Mór (1825-1904) : The Man with the Golden Touch, The Heartless Man's Sons, Eyes like the Sea, The novel of the next century
Hungarian
19
Madách, Imre (1823-1864) : The Tragedy of Man
Hungarian
19
Pet?fi, Sándor (1823-1849) : Selected Poetry
Icelandic
12
Anonymous (c.1150) : The Poetic Eddic
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Landnámabók
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Family Sagas - Bandamanna, Bárðar saga Snæfellsáss, Bjarnar saga Hítdœlakappa, Brennu-Njáls
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Family Sagas - Droplaugarsona, Egils saga Skalla-Grímssonar, Eiríks saga rauða, Eyrbyggja, Færeyinga
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Family Sagas - Finnboga saga ramma, Fljótsdæla, Flóamanna, Fóstbrœðra, Gísla, Grettis, Grœnlendinga
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Family Sagas - Gull-Þóris, Gunnars saga Keldugnúpsfífls, Gunnlaugs saga ormstungu, Hallfreðar
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Family Sagas - Harðar saga ok Hólmverja, Hávarðar saga Ísfirðings, Heiðarvíga, Hrafnkels, Hrana saga hrings
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Family Sagas - Hænsna-Þóris, Kjalnesinga, Kormáks, Króka-Refs, Laxdæla, Ljósvetninga
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Family Sagas - Reykdœla saga ok Víga-Skútu, Svarfdœla, Valla-Ljóts, Vatnsdœla, Víga-Glúms, Víglundar
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Family Sagas - Vápnfirðinga, Þorsteins saga hvíta, Þorsteins saga Síðu-Hallssonar, Þórðar saga hreðu, Ölkofra
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Short tales of Icelanders - Morkinskinna, Flateyjarbók
Icelandic
13
Anonymous (c.1300) : Contemporary Sagas - Sturlunga
Icelandic
13
Snorri Sturluson (1179-1241):  Prose Edda, Heimskringla
Icelandic
14
Anonymous (c.1350) : Legendary Sagas - Volsunga, Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks, Hrólfs saga kraka, Ásmundar saga kappabana
Icelandic
14
Anonymous (c.1350) : Legendary Sagas - Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka, Ragnars saga loðbrókar, Göngu-Hrólfs saga
Icelandic
14
Anonymous (c.1400) : Knightly Sagas - Drauma-Jóns saga, Flóres saga konungs ok sona hans, Hrings saga ok Tryggva
Icelandic
14
Anonymous (c.1400) : Knightly Sagas - Jarlmanns saga ok Hermanns, Sigrgarðs saga ok Valbrands, Valdimars saga
Icelandic
19
Thoroddsen, Jón (1818–1868) : Boy and Girl, Man and Woman
Irish
9
Anonymous (c.1000) : Mythological Cycle - The Book of Invasions
Irish
9
Anonymous (c.1000) : Fenian Cycle - The Pursuit of Diarmaid and Grainne
Irish
9
Anonymous (c.1000) : Historical Cycle - The Madness of Suibne
Irish
9
Anonymous (c.1000) : Ulster Cycle - Cattle Raid of Cooley, The Destruction of Da Derga's Hostel
Irish
10
Anonymous (c.1100) : Book of the Dun Cow, Book of Leinster
Irish
10
Anonymous (c.1100) : The Vision of Mac Conglinne
Irish
15
Anonymous (c.1489) : The Annals of Ulster
Irish
16
Anonymous (c.1600) : The Annals of the Four Masters
Irish
17
Anonymous (c.1675) : Adventures of the Lad of the Ferule, The Children of the King of Norway
Irish
17
Anonymous (c.1675) : The Pursuit of Diarmuid and Grainne, How Cormac Mac Airt got his Branch
Irish
17
Anonymous (c.1675) : The Story of Eagle-Boy, The Story of the Crop-Eared Dog
Irish
18
Ó Rathaille, Aodhagán (1670–1728) : Gile na Gile
Irish
18
Ní Chonaill, Eibhlín Dubh (c.1743–c.1800) : Caoineadh Airt Uí Laoghaire
Irish
18
Ó Súilleabháin, Eoghan Rua (1748–1782) : Collected Poems
Italian
13
Anonymous (c.1300) : Cento Novelle
Italian
13
Cavalcanti, Guido (c.1250-1300) : Donna me prega
Italian
13
Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) : Divine Comedy, New Life, De vulgari eloquentia, De monarchia
Italian
13
Polo, Marco (1254-1324) : The Travels
Italian
14
Boccaccio, Giovanni (1313-1375) : Decameron, De Casibus Virorum Illustrium, De mulieribus claris
Italian
14
Petrarca, Francesco (1304-1374) : Canzoniere, Sonnets, Secretum, De Viris Illustribus, Rerum Memorandarum Libri, De Otio Religiosorum, De Vita Solitaria, De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae
Italian
14
Sacchetti, Franco (c.1335-1400) : Novelle
Italian
14
Villani, Giovanni (1275-1348) : Nuova Cronica
Italian
15
Bello, Francesco (Cieco of Ferrara) (c.1475) : Mambriano
Italian
15
Boiardo, Matteo Maria (1440-1494) : Orlando Innamorato
Italian
15
Machiavelli, Niccolo (1469-1527) : The Prince
Italian
15
Pulci, Luigi (c.1475) : Morgante Maggiore
Italian
15
Vinci, Leonardo da (1452-1519) : Notebooks
Italian
16
Ariosto, Ludovico (1474-1533) : Orlando Furioso
Italian
16
Bandello, Matteo (1480-1562) : Novelle
Italian
16
Bruno, Giordano (1548-1600) : On The Shadows of Ideas, The Art of Memory, Circe's Song, The Ash Wednesday Supper, On Cause, Principle and Unity, On the Infinite Universe and Worlds, The Expulsion of the Triumphant Beast, On Heroic Frenzies, On The Composition of Signs, Images and Ideas
Italian
16
Buonaroti, Michelangelo (1475-1564) : Poetry
Italian
16
Castiglione, Baldassare (1478-1529) : The Courtier
Italian
16
Cellini, Benvenuto (1500-1571) : Autobiography
Italian
16
Grazzini, Antonio Francesco = Il Lasca (1503-1583) : Le Cene, La Gelosia, La Spirit ala, I Parent adi, La Arenga, La Sibilla, La Pinzochera, L'Arzigogolo
Italian
16
Guicciardini, Francesco (1483-1540) : The History of Italy, Maxims and Reflections, Dialogue on the Government of Florence
Italian
16
Tasso, Torquato (1544-1595) : Jerusalem Liberated
Italian
16
Vasari, Giorgio (1511-1574) : Lives of the Most Eminent Painters and Sculptors
Italian
17
Tassoni, Alessandro (1565-1635) : Secchia Rapita, Le Filippiche
Italian
18
Alfieri, Vittorio (1749 - 1803) : Filippo, Polinice, Antigone, Virginia, Saul, Rosmunda, Agide, Bruto, Mirra, Maria Stuarda, Memoirs of his Life
Italian
18
Goldoni, Carlo (1707-1793) : Memoirs, Rosmonda, The Persian Wife, Zoraster, The Man of the World, The Servant of Two Masters, The Father of the Family,
Italian
18
Gozzi, Gasparo (1713-1786) : Osservatore Veneto periodico, Lettere famigliari, Sermoni, Il Mondo morale
Italian
18
Muratori, Ludovico Antonio (1672-1750) : Annali d'Italia
Italian
18
Parini, Giuseppe (1729-1799) : Il Giorno
Italian
18
Vico, Giambattista (1668-1744) : The New Science
Italian
19
Foscolo, Ugo (1778 - 1827) : The Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis, Dei sepolcri, On the origin and duty of literature
Italian
19
Leopardi, Giacomo (1798-1837) : Various thoughts on philosophy and literature, Collected Poems
Italian
19
Manzoni, Alessandro (1785-1873) : The Betrothed, Il Cinque Maggio
Italian
19
Monti, Vincenzo (1754-1828) : Pellegrino apostolico, Bassvilliana, Feroniade, Pronreteo, Musagonia, Fanatismo, Superstizione
Italian
19
Niccolini, Giovanni Battista (1782-1861) : Arnaldo da Brescia, Nabucco, Antonio Foscarini, Giovanni da Procida, Lodovico il Moro
Latin
-3
Plautus, Titus Maccius (254-184 BC) :  Amphitryon, Asinaria, Aulularia, Bacchides, Captivi, Casina, Cistellaria, Curculio, Epidicus, Menaechmi, Mercator, Miles Gloriosus, Mostellaria, Persa, Poenulus, Pseudolus, Rudens, Stichus, Trinummus, Truculentus
Latin
-2
Cato the Elder, Marcus Porcius (234-149 BC) : De Agri Cultura
Latin
-2
Terence = Publius Terentius Afer (195-159 BC) : Adelphoe, Andria, Eunuchus, Heauton Timorumenos, Hecyra, Phormio
Latin
-1
Anonymous (c.85 BC) : Rhetorica ad Herennium
Latin
-1
Caesar, Gaius Iulius (100-44 BC) : Commentarii de bello Gallico, Commentarii de bello civili
Latin
-1
Catullus, Gaius Valerius (84-54 BC) : Carmina
Latin
-1
Cornelius Nepos (c.100-25 BC) : De viris illustribus libri XVIII
Latin
-1
Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106-43 BC) : Collected Speeches, Collected Letters, De Inventione, De Oratore, De Re Publica, Paradoxa Stoicorum, De Fato, Topica, De Legibus, Consolatio, De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum, Tusculanae Quaestiones, De Natura Deorum, De Divinatione, Cato Maior de Senectute, Laelius de Amicitia, De Officiis
Latin
-1
Horace = Quintus Horatius Flaccus (65-8 BC) : Odes, Epodes, Satires, Letters
Latin
-1
Lucretius =Titus Lucretius Carus (c.95-55 BC) : On the Nature of Things
Latin
-1
Propertius, Sextus Aurelius (c.50-15 BC) : Elegiarum
Latin
-1
Sallust = Gaius Sallustius Crispus (86-34 BC) : Bellum Iugurthinum, De coniuratione Catilinae or Bellum Catilinae
Latin
-1
Albius Tibullus, Albius (c.54-18 BC) : Elegiarum
Latin
-1
Varro, Marcus Terentius (116-27 BC) : De lingua latina libri XXV
Latin
-1
Virgil = Publius Vergilius Maro (70-19 BC) : Aeneid, Georgics, Ecologues
Latin
1
Celsus, Aulus Cornelius (fl.c.40) : De medicina
Latin
1
Curtius Rufus, Quintus (fl.c.50) : Historia Alexandri Magni regis Macedonum
Latin
1
Livy = Titus Livius (59 BC-AD 17) : History of Rome
Latin
1
Lucan = Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (39-65) : Pharsalia
Latin
1
Marcus Manlius (fl.c.50) : Astronomica
Latin
1
Martial = M. Valerius Martialis (c.38-103) : Epigrams
Latin
1
Ovid = Publius Ovidius Naso (43 BC-AD 17) : Metamorphoses, Heroides, Amores, Ars Amatoria, Fasti, Tristia, Epistulae ex Ponto
Latin
1
Phaedrus (10 BC-c.60 AD) : Fabulae
Latin
1
Persius =  Aules Persius Flaccus (34-62) : Satires
Latin
1
Petronius (11-66) : Satyricon
Latin
1
Pliny the Elder = C. Plinius Secundus maior (23-79) : Natural History
Latin
1
Quintilian = Marcus Fabius Quintilianus (35-96) : Institutionis oratoriae libri duodecim
Latin
1
Seneca the Elder = Lucius or Marcus Annaeus Seneca (54 BC-AD 39) : Controversiae
Latin
1
Seneca the Younger = Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BC-AD 65) : Ad Marciam, De consolatione, De Ira, Ad Helviam matrem, De consolatione, De Consolatione ad Polybium, De Brevitate Vitae, De Otio, De Tranquillitate Animi, De Providentia, De Constantia Sapientis, De Vita Beata, De Clementia, De Beneficiis, Naturales quaestiones, Epistulae morales ad Lucilium, Hercules Furens, Troades, Phoenissae, Phaedra, Thyestes, Hercules Oetaeus, Octavia, Agamemnon, Oedipus, Medea
Latin
1
Silius Italicus, Tiberius Catius (25-101) : Punica
Latin
1
Statius, Publius Papinius (c.45-c.95) : Thebais, Silvae, Achilleis, De bello Germanico
Latin
1
Valerius Maximus (fl.c.30) : Factorum et dictorum memorabilium libri novem
Latin
2
Anonymous Pseudo-Caecilius Balbus (c.150) : De nugis philosophorum
Latin
2
Apuleius, Lucius (124-170) : Golden Ass or Metamorphoseon libri XI, Apologia sive pro se de magia, De deo Socratis, De Platone et eius dogmate, De mundo
Latin
2
Aulus Gellius (c.130-c.170) : Noctes Atticae
Latin
2
Gaius the Jurist (c.130-c.180) : Institutiones 
Latin
2
Juvenal =Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis (c.55-c.127) : Satires
Latin
2
Pliny the Younger (61-112) : Epistulae
Latin
2
Sextus Empiricus (c.160-210) : Enchiridion, Adversus Mathematicos
Latin
2
Suetonius (c.70-c.150) : De vita Caesarum libri VIII, De viris illustribus, Liber de vitiis corporalibus, De naturis animantium, De naturis rerum
Latin
2
Tacitus = Gaius Cornelius Tacitus (c.55-117) : The Annals, The Histories
Latin
3
Anonymous (c. 250) : Catonis Disticha
Latin
3
Anonymous (c. 250) : Historia Apollonii regis Tyri
Latin
3
Tertullian = Tertullianus (160-220) : Apologeticum
Latin
4
Aelius Donatus (fl.c.350) : Ars major, Ars minor
Latin
4
Anonymous (c. 400) : Historia Augusta
Latin
4
Ambrose = Saint Aurelius Ambrosius (337-397) : De bono mortis, De fuga saeculi, De paenitentia, De paradiso, De sacramentis, De fide ad Gratianum Augustum
Latin
4
Ammianus Marcellinus (333-392) : Rerum gestarum libri XXXI
Latin
4
Augustine of Hippo = Augustinus (354-430) : Confessions, City of God, On Christian Doctrine, On the Trinity
Latin
4
Aurelius Victor (320-389) : Historia Romana
Latin
4
Claudius Claudianus (370-404) : De bello Pollentino sive Gothico, In Gildonem
Latin
4
Jerome = Saint Hieronymus(347-420) : Vulgate, Epistulae, De viris illustribus
Latin
4
Lactantius (c.260-c.326) : Divinarum institutionum libri VII
Latin
4
Prudentius (348-c.405) : Psychomachia
Latin
5
Anonymous (Dares Phrygius) (c. 500) : De excidio Troiae historia
Latin
5
Macrobius (fl.c.410) : Saturnalia
Latin
5
Martianus Capella (fl.c.420) : De Nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii
Latin
5
Patrick, Saint (385-461) : Sancti Patricii Episcopi Confessio
Latin
5
Rutilius Claudius Namatianus (fl.415) : De reditu suo sive iter Gallicum
Latin
5
Salvianus (c.400-c.470) : De gubernatione Dei
Latin
6
Benedictus de Nursia (c.480-c.547) : Regula
Latin
6
Boethius (470-524) : The Consolation of Philosophy
Latin
6
Cassiodorus (c.485-c.585) : De Artibus ac Disciplinis Liberalium Litterarum,
Latin
6
Fabius Planciades Fulgentius (fl.c.490-510) : Mitologiarum libri III, Expositio Virgilianae continentiae secundum philosophos moralis, Expositio sermonum antiquorum, De aetatibus mundi et hominis libri XXIII
Latin
6
Gregory the Great = Gregorius Magnus (540-604) : The Rule for Pastors, Sermons, Dialogues
Latin
6
Gregory of Tours = Gregorius Turonensis (c.538-c.594) : History of the Franks
Latin
6
Justinian = Iustinianus (482-565) : Codex Iustinianus
Latin
6
Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite (fl.c.630) : Divine Names, Mystical Theology, Celestial Hierarchy, Ecclesiastical Hierarchy
Latin
6
Priscianus Caesariensis (fl.520) : Institutiones grammaticae
Latin
7
Isidore of Seville = Isidorus Hispalensis (c.560-636) : Etymologiarum libri XX, Sententiarum libri III
Latin
8
Alcuin of York = Alcuinus (735-804) : Ars grammatica, De dialectica, De virtutibus et vitiis, De animae ratione
Latin
8
Anonymous (c.775) : Constitutum Constantini
Latin
8
Bede = Beda Venerabilis (672-753) : Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum
Latin
8
Paulus Diaconus (c.720-799) : Historia Langobardorum
Latin
9
Anonymous (c.900) : Navigatio Sancti Brendani
Latin
9
Einhardus (770-840) : Vita Karoli Magni
Latin
9
Hrabanus Maurus (780-856) : De rerum naturis libri XXII
Latin
9
Iohannes Scotus Eriugena (c.810-c.877) : De divisione naturae (Periphyseon) libri V
Latin
9
Nithardus (800-c.845) : Historiarum libri IV
Latin
10
Gerbert d'Aurillac = Pope Sylvester II (946-1003) : Libellus de rationali et ratione uti, Epistolae
Latin
10
Ekkehardus (c.910-c.973) : Waltharius
Latin
10
Hroswitha of Gandersheim = Hrotsvitha Gandeshemensis (c.935-c.1002) : Book of Legends, Book of Drama
Latin
10
Widukindus Corbeius (c.925-c.973) : Rerum gestarum Saxonicarum libri tres
Latin
11
Anonymous (c.1030) : Ruodlieb
Latin
11
Anonymous (c.1045) : Ecbasis cuiusdam captivi
Latin
11
Anselm = Anselmus Cantuariensis (1033-1109) : Proslogium, Monologion, Dialogus de veritate, Cur deus homo
Latin
11
Bruno Merseburgensis (1040-c.1082) : De bello Saxonico
Latin
11
Dudo de St. Quentin (960-1026) : Gesta Normannorum seu de moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum
Latin
12
Alain de Lille = Alanus ab Insulis (c.1128-1202) : De planctu naturae, Anticlaudianus
Latin
12
Andreas Capellanus (fl.c.1185) : De amore libri tres
Latin
12
Anonymous (c.1190) : De expugnatione terrae sanctae per Saladinum libellus
Latin
12
Anonymous (c.1200) : De Ortu Waluuanii Nepotis Arturi, Historia Meriadoci
Latin
12
Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153) : De amore Dei, Book of Precepts and Dispensations, De Gratia et Libero Arbitrio
Latin
12
Bernardus Silvestris (fl.c.1150) : Cosmographia
Latin
12
Cosmas of Prague (c.1045–1125) : Chronica Boëmorum
Latin
12
Geoffrey of Monmouth (c.1100-1155) : Historia Regum Britanniae, Vita Merlini, Prophetiae Merlini
Latin
12
Gerald of Wales (c.1146–c.1223) : Itinerarium Cambriae, Descriptio Cambriae, De instructione principis, De rebus a se gestis
Latin
12
Gualterus de Castiglione = Walter of Châtillon (c.1135-c.1185) : Alexandreis, sive Gesta Alexandri Magni
Latin
12
Guibert of Nogent (1053-1124) : Autobiography
Latin
12
Hermannus Iudaeus = Juda Ben David Halewi (1108-1181) : Opusculum de conversione sua
Latin
12
Hildegardis Bingensis (1098-1179) : Ordo virtutum, Symphonia harmoniae caelestium revelationum, Liber simplicis medicinae sive Physica
Latin
12
Honorius Augustodunensis (d.1151) : Imago mundi
Latin
12
Hugo de Sancto Victore (1078/96-1141) : Didascalicon, De arrha animae, On the Sacraments of the Christian Faith
Latin
12
Iohannes de Alta Villa = Jean de Hauteville (c.1150-c.1200) : Architrenius
Latin
12
John of Salisbury = Ioannes Saresberiensis (c.1115-1180) : Policraticus, Metalogicon
Latin
12
Nigellus Wireker = Nigel de Longchamps (c.1130-c.1207) : Speculum stultorum
Latin
12
Otto von Freising = Otto Frisingensis (c.1114-1158) : Chronica sive Historia de duabus civitatibus, Gesta Friderici imperatoris
Latin
12
Petrus Abaelardus = Peter Abelard (1079-1142) : Theologia, Sic et Non, Ethica, Letters to Heloise, Autobiography
Latin
12
Petrus Alfonsi = Moises Sephardi (1062-1140) : Disciplina clericalis
Latin
12
Petrus Lombardus (1095-1160) : Sententiarum libri IV
Latin
12
Richard of Saint Victor (d.1173) : De Trinitate
Latin
12
Saxo Grammaticus (c.1150-c.1220) : Gesta Danorum
Latin
12
Walter of Châtillon = Gualterus de Castellione (fl.1180) : Alexandreis sive Gesta Alexandri Magni
Latin
12
William of Conches = Guillelmus de Conchis  (c.1080-1154) : De philosophia mundi
Latin
13
Aegidius Romanus = Giles of Rome (c.1243-1316) : De Ecclesiastica Potestate, De Regimine Principum
Latin
13
Albertanus of Brescia (c.1195-c.1251) : De amore et dilectione Dei et proximi et aliarum rerum et de forma vitae, Ars loquendi et tacendi, Liber consolationis et consilii
Latin
13
Albertus Magnus (1195-1280) : De memoria et reminiscentia, De intellectu et intelligibili, Ethica, Metaphysica, De unitate intellectus
Latin
13
Alexander Neckham (1157-1217) : De naturis rerum
Latin
13
Anonymous (1215) : Magna Carta
Latin
13
Anonymous (c.1230) : Carmina Burana
Latin
13
Anonymous (c.1270) : Liber Kalilae et Dimnae
Latin
13
Bartholomeus Anglicus (1203-1270) : De proprietatibus rerum
Latin
13
Boethius de Dacia (c.1220-c.1286) : De aeternitate mundi, De summo bono, De somniis
Latin
13
Bonaventure, Saint (1221-1274) : Itinerarium Mentis ad Deum, Breviloquium, De Reductione Artium ad Theologiam, Soliloquium, De septem itineribus aeternitatis
Latin
13
Caesarius Heisterbacensis = Caesar of Heisterbach (c.1180-c.1240) : Dialogus miraculorum
Latin
13
Duns Scotus, John (1265-1308) : Tractatus de Primo Principio, Tractatus de Primo Principio
Latin
13
Francis of Assisi, Saint (1182-1226) : Canticum fratris Solis
Latin
13
Gertrudis de Helfta = Saint Gertrude the Great (1256-1302) : Legatus divinae pietatis, Exercitia spiritualia, Liber specialis gratiae
Latin
13
Guillelmus Peraldus = William Perault, (c.1190-1271) : Summa de vitiis, De eruditione principum
Latin
13
Helinand of Froidmont (1160-c.1230) : Chronicon
Latin
13
Henry of Bracton (1210-1268) : De Legibus et Consuetudinibus Angliae
Latin
13
Iohannes de Capua (fl.c.1270) : Directorium vitae humanae alias parabolae antiquorum sapientum
Latin
13
Jacobus de Cessolis (c.1250-1322) : Liber de moribus hominum et officiis nobilium super ludo scacchorum
Latin
13
Jacobus de Voragine (c.1227-1298) : Legenda Aura
Latin
13
John Peckham (1230-1292) : Summa de esse et essentia, Quaestiones disputatae, Tractatus de anima, De aeternitate mundi, Defensio fratrum mendicantium
Latin
13
Ricardus Sophista = Richard Rufus of Cornwall (d.1260) : Abstractiones
Latin
13
Robert Grosseteste (1175-1253) : Hexaëmeron, De sphera, De luce, De accessu et recessu maris, De lineis, angulis et figuris, De iride
Latin
13
Roger Bacon (1220-1292) : Opus maius, Opus minus, De multiplicatione specierum
Latin
13
Sigerus de Brabantia (c.1235-c.1284) : De anima intellectiva, Quaestiones logicales, Quaestiones naturales, De aeternitate mundi, Impossibilia
Latin
13
Theodoricus de Vriberch = Dietrich of Freiberg (c.1250-c.1310) : De visione beatifica, De intellectu et intelligibili, De ente et essentia, De natura contrariorum, De natura et proprietate continuorum
Latin
13
Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-1274) : Summa Theologica, Summa Contra Gentiles
Latin
13
Vincet de Beauvais (1190-1264) : Speculum majus, De eruditione filiorum nobilium
Latin
13
Witelo (1230-c.1300) : Perspectiva
Latin
14
Anonymous (c.1300) : Gesta Romanorum
Latin
14
Birgitta of Sweden, Saint (1303-1373) : Book of Revelations
Latin
14
Coluccio Salutati (1331-1406) : De laboribus Herculis libri IV, Epistolario
Latin
14
Jean Buridan (1300–58) : Sophismata, Summulae de Dialectica
Latin
14
Johannes de Hildesheim (c.1320-1375) : The Mirror of the Source of Life
Latin
14
Meister Eckhart (1260-1328) : Prologus in opus propositionum, Prologus in opus expositionum
Latin
14
Nicolaus de Autrecourt (c.1299-c.1369) : Tractatus Exigit ordo, Epistolae, Utrum visio alicuius rei naturalis possit naturali intendi
Latin
14
Nicolas Oresme (1323-1382) : Tractatus de configurationibus qualitatum et motuum, Tractatus proportionum, Algorismus proportionum, De proportionibus proportionum
Latin
14
Walter Burley (1275-1343) : De Puritate Artis Logicae Tractatus Longior
Latin
14
William of Ockham (1285-1349) : Summa logicae, Quaestiones in octo libros physicorum, Summulae in octo libros physicorum, Quodlibeta septem, Expositio aurea super artem veterem Aristotelis, Major summa logices, Quaestiones in quattuor libros sententiarum
Latin
15
Conradus Celtis (1459-1508) : Germania generalis, Quattuor libri amorum
Latin
15
Cristoforo Landino (1424-1498) : Disputationes Camaldulenses
Latin
15
Enea Silvio Piccolomini = Pope Pius II (1405-1464) : Commentaries
Latin
15
Henricus Kramer (c.1430-c.1505) : Malleus Maleficarum
Latin
15
Jan Hus (1370-1415) : Tractatus de ecclesia
Latin
15
Ján z Turca or Ján/Johannes de Turocz (c.1435-1489) : Chronica Hungarorum.
Latin
15
Jean Charlier de Gerson (1363-1429) : Epistolae de reform. theol., Lectiones duae contra vanam curiositatem in negotio fidei, De mystica theologia, speculativa et practica
Latin
15
Iohannes de Saxonia (fl.c.1400) : Historia de septem sapientibus
Latin
15
Leonardo Bruni Aretino (1369-1444) : De interpretatione recta, De studiis et litteris, Rerum suo tempore gestorum commentarius
Latin
15
Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499) : Theologia Platonica de immortalitate animae, De amore,  De vita libri tres
Latin
15
Nicholas of Cusa (1401–1464) : Of Learned Ignorance, On the Vision of God, On Conjectures, On the Peace of Faith, Sifting the Koran
Latin
15
Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni (1463-1494) : De hominis dignitate, Conclusiones philosophicae, cabalasticae et theologicae, Disputationes adversus astrologiam divinicatrium
Latin
15
Poggio Bracciolini (1380-1459) : De avaritia, Liber facetiarum, De nobilitate, De infelicitate principum, Contra hypocritas, De miseria humanae conditionis
Latin
15
Rodolphus Agricola (1443-1485) : De inventione dialectica
Latin
15
Thomas à Kempis (c.1400) : Imitation of Christ
Latin
15
Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523) : Epistolae obscurorum virorum
Latin
16
Agricola, Georgius (1494-1555) : De re metallica
Latin
16
Agrippa von Nettesheim, Heinrich Cornelius (1486-1535) : Three Books Of Occult Philosophy, Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female Sex, Of the Vanitie and Vncertaintie of Artes and Sciences
Latin
16
Bacon, Francis (1561-1626) : Essays, Advancement of Learning, New Atlantis, Novum Organum
Latin
16
Calvin, John (1509-1564) : Institutes of the Christian Religion
Latin
16
Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473-1543) : On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
Latin
16
Erasmus, Desiderius (c.1469-1536) : The Praise of Folly, Handbook of a Christian Knight, On Civility in Children, Copia: Foundations of the Abundant Style, Julius Exclusus
Latin
16
Francisco de Vitoria (c.1480–1546) : De potestate civili, Del Homicidio, De matrimonio, De potestate ecclesiae, De Indis, De Jure belli Hispanorum in barbaros, De potestate papae et concilii, Relectiones Theologicae, Summa sacramentorum Ecclesiae
Latin
16
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) : Starry Messenger, Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences
Latin
16
Gilbert, William (1540-1603) : On the Loadstone and Magnetic Bodies
Latin
16
Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) : Spiritual Exercises
Latin
16
Janicki, Klemens = Clemens Ianicius (1516-1543) : Collected Poems
Latin
16
Johannes Reuchlin (1455-1522) : De Verbo Mirifico, Dialogus de Recta Lat. Graecique Serm. Pron.
Latin
16
Melanchthon, Philippus (1497-1560) : Confessio Augustana
Latin
16
More, Sir Thomas (c.1478-1535) : Utopia
Latin
16
Paracelsus Theophrastus (1493-1541) : Philosophia magna, tractus aliquot
Latin
16
Praetorius, Anton (1560-1613) : De pii magistratus officio, iure ac potestate in religione et ecclesiis ad verbi Dei normam reformandis
Latin
16
Ramus, Petrus = Pierre de la Ramée (1515–1572) : Aristotelicae Animadversiones, Dialecticae Partitiones, Scolae physicae, metaphysicae, mathematicae
Latin
16
Suárez, Fancisco (1548–1617) : Disputationes Metaphysicae
Latin
16
Telesio, Bernardino (1509-1588) :De Rerum Natura Iuxta Propria Principia
Latin
16
Vives, Juan Luís (1492–1540) : Introductio ad sapientiam, De disciplinis libri XX, De concordia et discordia in humano genere
Latin
17
Bidermann, Jacob (1578-1639) : Cenodoxus, Philemon Martyr, Utopia
Latin
17
Boyle, Robert (1627-1691) : Chymista Scepticus Vel Dubia et Paradoxa, Origo Formarum et Qualitatum, Exercitationes de Utilitate Philosophiae Naturalis Experimentalis
Latin
17
Broudin, Anthony (?-1675) : Propugnaculum Catholicae Veritatis
Latin
17
Burton, Robert (1577-1640) : Anatomy of Melancholy
Latin
17
Campanella, Tommaso (1563-1639) : The Monarchy of Spain, Political Aphorisms, Atheism Conquered, Quod reminiscetur, Metaphysica, Theologia, The City of the Sun
Latin
17
Descartes, Rene (1596-1650) : Rules, Discourse, Geometry, Meditations
Latin
17
Grotius, Hugo (1583-1645) : On the Law of War and Peace
Latin
17
Harvey, William  (1578-1657) : On the Motion of the Heart and Blood
Latin
17
Huygens, Christiaan (1629-1695) : Treatise on Light, On the Movement of Bodies by Impact
Latin
17
Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630) : Epitome of Copernican Astronomy, Concerning the Harmonies of the World
Latin
17
Komenský, Jan Amos = Comenius (1592-1670) : Didactica Magna, Schola pansophica
Latin
17
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von (1646-1716) : Metaphysics, Human Understanding, Monadology
Latin
17
Locke, John (1632-1704) : Toleration, Human Understanding, Education
Latin
17
Lucilio Vanini = Giulio Cesare (1585-1619) : Amphitheatrum Aeternae Providentiae Divino-Magicum, De Admirandis Naturae Reginae Deaeque Mortalium Arcanis
Latin
17
Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) : Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, Optics
Latin
17
Sarbiewski, Maciej Kazimierz (1595-1640) : Lyricorum libri IV
Latin
17
Spinoza, Benedict de (1632-1677) : Ethics, On the Improvement of the Understanding
Latin
17
Thomasius, Christian (1655-1728) : De crimine magiae, Historia iuris naturalis
Latin
18
Euler, Leonhard Paul (1707-1783) : Introductio in analysin infinitorum, Elements of Algebra
Latin
18
Linne, Carl von (1707-1778) : System of Nature, Philosophy of Botany
Latin
18
Swedenborg, Emanuel (1688-1772) : Regnum Animale, Arcana Cœlestia, Diarum, Ubi Memorantur Experientiae Spirituales
Latin
18
Wolff, Christian Freiherr von (1679-1754) : Philosophia rationalis, sive logica, Philosophia prima, sive Ontologia, Psychologia empirica, Psychologia rationalis, Philosophia practica universalis, Philosophia moralis
Latin
19
Gauß, Carl Friedrich (1777-1855) : Disquisitiones Arithmeticae
Norwegian
16
Friis, Peder Claussøn (1545-1614) : Description of Norway and Adjacent Islands
Norwegian
18
Holberg, Ludvig (1684-1754) : Moralske Tanker, Epistler, Moralske Fabler, Morals Kierne eller Introduction til Naturens og Folke-Rettens Kundskab, Adskillige store Heltes og berømmelige Mænds sammenlignede Historier, Adskillige Heltinders og navnkundige Damers sammenlignede Historier, Comic Dramas
Norwegian
18
Wessel, Johan Herman (1742-1785) : Smeden og Bageren, Herremanden, Hundemordet, Kierlighed uden Strømper
Norwegian
19
Aasen, Ivar Andreas (1813-1896) : The Heir
Norwegian
19
Asbjørnsen, Peter Christen (1812-1885) & Moe, Jørgen Engebretsen (1813-1882) : Folk Tales
Norwegian
19
Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne Martinus (1832-1910) : Beyond Human Power
Norwegian
19
Ibsen, Henrik (1828-1906) : Peer Gynt, A Doll's House, The Wild Duck, An Enemy of the People, Hedda Gabler, The Master Builder
Norwegian
19
Kielland, Alexander (1849-1906) : Garman & Worse, Skipper Worse, Poison
Norwegian
19
Lie, Jonas Lauritz Idemil (1833-1908) : The Gilje Family, The Visionary
Norwegian
19
Obstfelder, Sigbjørn (1866-1900) : Collected Poems
Norwegian
19
Skram, Amalie (1846-1905) : Prof Hieronimus, Paa St. Jørgen
Norwegian
19
Wergeland, Henrik Arnold Thaulow (1808-1845) : Selected Poems
Occitan
12
Anonymous (c.1150) : Chanson de Girart de Roussillon
Occitan
12
Arnaut Daniel de Riberac (fl. 12th c.) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Arnaut de Mareuil[1] (fl. C.1190) :  Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Beatritz de Dia ( c.1140 - fl.c. 1175) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Bernard de Ventadour (c.1135-c.1195) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Bertran de Born (c.1140-c.1215) :  Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Folquet de Marselha (c.1150-1231) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Giraut de Bornelh (c.1138-1215) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Gaucelm Faidit (c.1170-c.1202) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Guilhèm IX (1071-1126) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Marcabru (fl.1130-1150) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Peire d'Alvernhe (c.1130-fl.1149–1170) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Peire Vidal (1175-1205) : Collected Songs
Occitan
12
Raimbaut de Vaqueiras (fl.1180-1207) : Collected Songs
Occitan
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Jaufri
Occitan
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Flamenca
Occitan
13
Guilhem de Tudela (fl. 1199-1214) + Anonymous (c.1230) : Chanson de la Croisade Albigeoise
Occitan
13
Raimon Vidal de Bezaudu(n) (1196-1252) : Chastisement of the Jealous Man, The Judgment of Love
Occitan
14
Anonymous (c.1350) : Le Roman Spirituel de Barlaam et Josaphat
Occitan
17
Goudelin, Pierre (1579–1649) : Lou Ramelet Moundi
Occitan
18
Abbe Favre de Celleneuve (1727–1783) : Sermoun de moussu sistre, Siege de Caderousse, Histoire de Jean lont pris
Occitan
19
Gras, Félix (1844-1901) : Li Rouge dou Miejour, La Terrour, La Terrour Blanco
Occitan
19
Jansemin = Jacques Boé (1798–1864) : Collected Poems
Polish
16
Kochanowski, Jan Korwin (1530-1584) : The Dismissal of the Greek Envoys, Laments
Polish
16
Rey of Nag?owice, Miko?aj (1505-1569) : Zwierciad?o, Rzecz pospolita albo Sejm pospolity, ?ywot Cz?owieka Poczciwego
Polish
17
Morszytn, Jan Andrzej (1621-1693) : Dog Days, Lute
Polish
17
Potocki, Wac?aw (1621-1696) : The Chocim War, Garden of Rhymes
Polish
19
Ko???taj, Hugo (1750-1812) : The Physico-Moral Order, A Critical Analysis of Historical Principles regarding the Origins of Humankind
Polish
18
Krasicki, Ignacy (1735-1801) : The Adventures of Nicholas Experience, War of the Monks, Fables and Parables, Lord High Steward, The Chocim War
Polish
19
Kraszewski, Józef Ignacy (1812-1887) : An Ancient Tale, A Hut Behind the Village, Kraków Students in 1549, The Jew: Contemporary Pictures
Polish
19
Mickiewicz, Adam Bernard (1798–1855) : Pan Tadeusz, Konrad Wallenrod, Gra?yna,
Polish
19
Norwid, Cyprian Kamil (1821–1883) : Vade-mecum
Polish
19
S?owacki, Juliusz (1809–1849) : Genesis from the Spirit, Travel from Holy Land to Naples, Arab, Maria Stuart
Polish
19
Zygmunt Krasi?ski, Count Napoleon Stanis?aw Adam Ludwig (1812–1859) : Agaj-Han, The Un-Divine Comedy, Irydion
Polish
19
Eliza Orzeszkowa (1841-1910) : Eli Makower, Meir Ezofowicz, On the Niemen, Lost Souls, Cham
Portuguese
13
Anonymous (c.1290) : Cancionieros da Ajuda, da Vaticana, Colocci-Brancuti
Portuguese
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Cantigas de Santa Maria
Portuguese
16
Bernardim Rebeiro (1482-1552) : Livro das Saudades = Menina e Moca
Portuguese
16
Camões, Luis de (1524-1580) : Lusiadas
Portuguese
16
Corte-Real, Jerónimo (1533-1588) : O Segundo cerco de Diu, Austriada, Naufrágio de Sepulveda,
Portuguese
16
Damião de Gois (1502-1574) : Chronicles
Portuguese
16
Fernão Mendes Pinto (1510-1583) : Peregrinacão, Historia-Tragico-Maritma
Portuguese
16
João de Barros (1496-1570) : Décadas da Asia, Ropica Pnefma, Crónica do Imperador Clarimundo
Portuguese
16
Trancoso, Gonçalo Fernandes (c.1550) : Historias de Proveito e Exemplo
Portuguese
16
Vicente, Gil (1465-1536) : Triologia das Barcas, Exortação da Guerra, Auto da Fama, Cortes de Júpiter
Portuguese
17
Mattos e Guerra, Gregório de (1636-1696) : Selected Poems
Portuguese
18
Basílio da Gama, José (1740-1795) : O Uraguai
Portuguese
19
Álvares de Azevedo, Manuel Antônio (1831-1852) : Lira dos Vinte Anos, Noite na Taverna
Portuguese
19
Alencar, José de (1829-1877) : The Guarani, Senhora, Lucíola, Iracema
Portuguese
19
Branco, Camilo Castelo (Visconde de Correia Botelho) (1825-1890) : Os Mistérios de Lisboa, Noites de Lamego, Cousas leves e pesadas, Cavar em ruínas, Memórias do Bispo do Grão Pará, Boémia do Espírito, O Romance de um Homem Rico, Retrato de Ricardina, Amor de Perdição
Portuguese
19
da Cunha, Euclydes (1866-1909) : Rebellion in the backlands
Portuguese
19
Eça de Queiroz, José Maria de (1845-1900) :  Os Maias, A Capital, A Cidade e as Serras, A Ilustre Casa de Ramires, A Relíquia, A Tragédia da Rua das Flores, Ecos de Paris, O Conde d'Abranhos, O Crime do Padre Amaro, O Egipto, O Mandarim
Portuguese
19
Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo, Alexandre (1810-1877) : History of Portugal
Portuguese
19
Machado de Assis, Joaquim Maria (1839-1908) : The Psychiatrist, Philosopher or Dog?, Dom Casamuro
Romanian
17
Costin, Miron (1633-1691) : The Chronicles of the Land of Moldavia
Romanian
18
Cantemir, Dimitrie (1673-1723) : Historia Hieroglyphica
Romanian
19
Creang?, Ion (1837-1889) : Childhood Memories
Romanian
19
Eminescu, Mihai (1850-1889) : Luceaf?rul, Selected Poems, Geniu pustiu, S?rmanul Dionis
Romanian
19
Alecsandri, Vasile (1821-1890) : Collected Romanian Folklore
Romanian
19
V?c?rescu, Iancu (1786-1863) : Poezii alese, Colec?ie din poeziile domnului marelui logof?t Iancu V?c?rescu
Russian
12
Anonymous (c.1190) : The Lay of the Host of Igor
Russian
13
Anonymous (c.1300) : The Life of Alexander Nevsky
Russian
14
Anonymous : Bylinas Collections
Russian
15
Afanasy Nikitin (?-1472) : The Journey Beyond Three Seas
Russian
18
Fonvizin, Denis Ivanovich (1744-1792) : The Minor, The Brigadier General
Russian
18
Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilyevich (1711-1765) : Collected Poems
Russian
18
Radishchev, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1749-1802) : Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow
Russian
18
Sumarakov, Aleksandr Petrovich (1717-1777) : Khorev, Dmitry Samozvanets, Fables
Russian
19
Checkov, Anton (1860-1904) : Collected Short Stories
Russian
19
Derzhavin, Gavrila Romanovich (1743-1816) : Collected Poems
Russian
19
Dostoevsky, Fyodor Mikhaylovich (1821-1881) : Crime and Punishment, The Brothers Karamazov, The Idiot, The Demons or the Possessed, Notes from the Underground, The House of the Dead, The Village of Stepanchikovo
Russian
19
Gogol, Nikolai Vasilievich (1809-1851) : Dead Souls, Taras Bulba, Collected Short Storiess & Novellas
Russian
19
Goncharov, Ivan Alexandrovich (1812-1891) : Oblomov
Russian
19
Herzen, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1812-1870) : My Past and Thoughts
Russian
19
Karamzin, Nikolai Mikhailovich (1766-1826) : History of the Russian State
Russian
19
Krylov, Ivan Andreyevich (1769-1844) : Fables
Russian
19
Lermontov, Mikhail Yuryevich (1814-1841) : A Hero of our Time, Collected Poems
Russian
19
Leskov, Nikolai (1831-1895) : Collected Tales
Russian
19
Lobachevsky, Nikolay Ivanovich (1792-1856) : Theory of Parallels
Russian
19
Pushkin, Aleksander Sergeivich (1799-1837) : Ruslan and Ludmila, The Bronze Horseman, Eugene Onegin, Boris Godunov, The Tales of the Late Ivan Petrovich Belkin, The Captain's Daughter, The Tale of the Dead Princess, The Tale of Tsar Saltan
Russian
19
Saltykov, Mikhail Yevgrafovich = Shchedrin (1826-1889) : The History of a Town, The Golovlyov Family
Russian
19
Tolstoy, Leo (1828-1910) : War and Peace, Resurrection, Childhood, Boyhood, Youth, Novellas
Russian
19
Turgenev, Ivan Sergeyevich (1818-1883) : Hunter's Notebook, Fathers and Sons, Rudin, On the Eve, A Nest of Gentry, Smoke, Virgin Soil, Collectes Novellas and Short Stories, Poems in Prose
Russian
19
Zhukovsky, Vasily Andreyevich (1783-1852) : Collected Poems
Serbian
18
Obradovi?, Dositej (1739-1811) : Life & Adventures
Serbian
18
Orfelin, Zaharije (1726-1785) : Pla? Serbii, jejaže sini v razli?nija gosudarstva rasjejali sja
Serbian
18
Raji?, Jovan (1726-1801) : History of the Slavic Peoples, Boj zmaja s orlovi
Serbian
19
Ignjatovi?, Jakov (1822-1889) : Strange World, Old and New Masters, Thirty Years in the Life of Milan Narandži?, Blood for the People
Serbian
19
Karadži?, Vuk Stefanovi? (1787-1864) : Serbian Folk Tales, Serbian Epic Poetry, Serbian Folk Poems
Serbian
19
Matavulj, Simo (1852-1908) : Bakonja fra Brne
Serbian
19
Nenadovi?, Mateja (1777-1854) : Memoirs
Serbian
19
Petrovi?-Njegoš, Petar II (1813-1851) : Mountain Wreath
Serbian
19
Vidakovi?, Milovan (1780-1841) : Velimir i Bosiljka, Siloan i Milena
Slovak
18
Benovsky, Moric = Móritz Benyovszky (1741-1786) : Memoirs
Slovenian
19
Prešeren, France (1800-1849) : Collected Poems
Spanish
12
Anonymous (c.1150) : Cantar de Mio Cid
Spanish
13
Alfonso X el Sabio (1252-84) : Seven Divisions of Law, General Chronicle, Cantigas de Santa Maria
Spanish
13
Anonymous (c.1200) : Libro de Alexandre
Spanish
13
Anonymous (c.1220) : Cantar de los Siete Infantes de Lara,
Spanish
13
Anonymous (c.1240) : Cantar de Bernardo del Carpio
Spanish
13
Anonymous (c.1260) : Poema de Fernán González
Spanish
14
Anonymous (c.1360) : Mocedades de Rodrigo
Spanish
14
Juan Manuel (1282-1349) : El Conde Lucanor, Enxiemplos
Spanish
14
Juan Ruiz, Archpriest of Hita (c.1283-c.1350) : Libro de Buen Amor
Spanish
15
Fernando de Rojas (c.1499) : Celestina o tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea
Spanish
15
García Rodríguez de Montalvo (d.1504) : Amadis de Gaula
Spanish
15
Juan de Mena (d.1456) : Labyrinth of Fortune, Coronation, Seven Deadly Sins
Spanish
16
Alonso de Errcilla y Zúñiga (1533-1594) : La Araucana
Spanish
16
Anonymous (1554) : Lazarillo de Tormes
Spanish
16
Bartolome De Las Casas (1484-1566) : The Indians of New Spain
Spanish
16
Bernal Diaz del Castillo (1492-1581) : History of the Conquest of New Spain
Spanish
16
Bernardo de Sahagun (c.1550) : General History of New Spain
Spanish
16
Cabeza de Vaca, Álvar Núñez (c.1490-c.1559) : Travels
Spanish
16
Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de (1547-1616) : Don Quixote
Spanish
16
Fernando de Herrera (1531-1597) : Obras poeticas
Spanish
16
Garcilasco de la Vega (1503-1536) : Obras poeticas
Spanish
16
Jorge de Montemayor (1520-1561) : Diana enamorada
Spanish
16
Juan de la Cruz (1542-1591) : Ascent of Mt. Carmel, Dark Night of the Soul, Spiritual Canticle
Spanish
16
Juan de Mariana (1532-1623) : Historia general de Espana
Spanish
16
Luis de León, Fray (1527-1591) : Poems
Spanish
16
Mateo Aleman (1547-1614) : El Picaro Guzman de Alfarace
Spanish
16
Teresa de Avila/Jesus (1515-1582) : Way of Perfection, Interior Castle
Spanish
16
Toribio Motolinia (c.1482-1569) : History of the Indians of New Spain
Spanish
17
Agustín Moreto y Cavana (1618-1669) : El desdén con el desdén, El lindo don Diego
Spanish
17
Calderón de la Barca, Pedro (1600-1681) : La vida es sueño, El alcalde de Zalamea, El mágico prodigioso, El médico de su honra, El monstruo de los jardines, El gran teatro del mundo
Spanish
17
Francisco de Quevedo Villegas (1580-1645) : Sueños, Historia de la Vida del Buscón
Spanish
17
Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla (1607-1648) : Progne y Filomena, Cada cual lo que le toca, Obligados y ofendidos, La vida en el ataúd
Spanish
17
Góngora y Argote, Luis de (1561-1627) : Soledades
Spanish
17
Gracián y Morales, Baltasar (1601-1658) : Obras completas, esp. El Criticón
Spanish
17
Juana Inés de la Cruz, Sor (1648-1695) : El Sueño
Spanish
17
Lope de Vega (1562-1635) : La Filomena, Jerusalén conquistada, El mejor alcalde el rey, Los comendadores de Córdoba, La creación del mundo
Spanish
17
Ruiz de Alarcón y Mendoza, Juan (1581-1639) : La verdad sospechosa, El anticristo
Spanish
17
Tirso de Molina (1584-1648) : Marta la Piadosa, Por el sótano y el torno, Don Gil de las calzas verdes, La villana de Vallecas
Spanish
17
Vicente Espinel (c.1620) : La vida y aventuras del escudero Marcos de Obregon
Spanish
18
Feijóo y Montenegro, Benito Jerónimo (1676-1764) : Dialogos
Spanish
18
Iriarte, Tomás de (1750-1791) : Fábulas literarias (1782)
Spanish
18
Samaniego Zabala, Félix María Serafín Sánchez de (1745-1801) : Fábulas morales (1778)
Spanish
19
Bécquer, Gustavo Adolfo (1836-1870) : Historia de los templos de España, Leyendas
Spanish
19
de Alarcón y Ariza, Pedro Antonio (1833-1891) : El libro talonario, El carbonero alcalde, El afrancesado, El asistente
Spanish
19
Valera y Alcala Galiano, Juan (1824–1905) : Pepita Jiménez, Las ilusiones del doctor Faustino, Juanita la Larga
Swedish
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Herr Ivan
Swedish
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : Medieval Rhyming Chronicles
Swedish
17
Stiernhielm, Georg (1598-1672) : Hercules
Swedish
18
Bellman, Carl Michael (1740-1795) : Songs of Fredman, Epistles of Fredman
Swedish
18
Dalin, Olof von (1708-1763) : The Story of the Horse and Aprilverk, Swedish Liberty
Swedish
18
Kellgren, Johan Henrik (1751-1795) : Collected Poems
Swedish
19
Almqvist, Carl Jonas Love (1793–1866) : Book of the Briar Rose, Det går an
Swedish
19
Benedictsson, Victoria  = Ernst Ahlgren (1850-1888) : Money
Swedish
19
Geijer, Erik Gustaf (1783-1847) : The Viking
Swedish
19
Stagnelius, Erik Johan (1793-1823) : Vladimir the Great, The Bacchantes, Sigurd Ring, The Martyrs, Liljor i Saron
Swedish
19
Tegnér, Esias (1782-1846) : Frithjofs Saga
Welsh
13
Anonymous (c.1250) : The Black Book of Carmarthen
Welsh
13
Anonymous (c. 1290) : The Book of Aneirin
Welsh
14
Anonymous (c.1325) : The Book of Taliesin
Welsh
14
Anonymous (c.1350) : The White Book of Rhydderch
Welsh
14
Anonymous (c.1375) : The Mabinogian
Welsh
14
Dafydd ap Gwilym (c.1315-c.1370) : Poems
Welsh
15
Anonymous (c.1410) : The Red Book of Hergest
Welsh
17
Llwyd, Morgan (1619-1659) : The Book of the Three Birds
Welsh
19
Hughes, John Ceiriog (1832-1887) : Ceiriog, Evening Hours
Welsh
19
Owen, Daniel (1836-1895) : Y Dreflan, Rhys Lewis, Enoc Huws, Gwen Tomos, Straeon y Pentan



The Twentieth Century Waiting List
The Canon for Central (Middle Eastern) Civilization
The Canon for Indic Civilization
The Canon for (Far) Eastern Civilization

Please with any suggestions for corrections or additions, particularly to the embryonic exotic lists.


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